Jobs that Require Good Math Skills

Good math skills are needed in all kinds of different jobs across a wide variety of fields. Learn about some of the job options across the fields of science, engineering, business and more that require good math skills.

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Career Options that Require Good Math Skills

There are numerous careers that require math in some way, and usually require employees to be good at the math skills they need to perform. Below is a table showing a few of the more math-heavy career options that require excellent math skills.

Job Title Median Salary (2016)* Job Growth (2014-2024)*
Statisticians $80,500 34%
Actuaries $100,610 18%
Operations Research Analysts $79,200 30%
Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary $69,520 16%
Aerospace Engineers $109,650 -2% (decline)
Physicists $115,870 8%

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Career Information for Jobs that Require Good Math Skills


Statisticians specialize in using statistics, a specific kind of math, to solve real-world problems. They use different statistical methods to analyze data that they collect through surveys, experiments or opinion polls. They then interpret the data and report their findings to management and clients. Statisticians can work in a wide range of fields, including science, engineering, healthcare and business. Most of these professionals hold a master's degree, but some entry-level jobs may only require a bachelor's degree. More advanced positions may require a Ph.D.


Actuaries are a driving force in the insurance industry, as they use math and statistics to analyze the financial costs of risks for businesses and clients. They compile data to predict the probability and cost of things like death or a natural disaster. They then apply this information to examine insurance policies, investments and more to try and maximize profits. Their work is often presented in reports and complex charts. These professionals need a bachelor's degree and must pass multiple exams for certification.

Operations Research Analysts

Operations research analysts, like statisticians, work to solve real-world problems, but specifically within organizations. They may still work in various fields, such as healthcare or business, but they apply math and analysis methods to help organizations make better decisions. They may evaluate things like customer feedback, databases, sales histories and more to make recommendations to management about what actions need to be taken to solve a particular problem. Most of these professionals need a master's or bachelor's degree.

Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary

Mathematical science teachers at the postsecondary level are mainly responsible for teaching various kinds of college-level math classes, typically in their area of expertise. They need to have good math skills as they teach these skills to others through their curriculum, assignments and assessments. As a postsecondary teacher they may also be responsible for conducting their own, independent research in the field, overseeing the work of graduate students and helping advise undergraduates about what courses to take. Postsecondary educators usually need a Ph.D., but some community colleges may accept applicants with a master's degree.

Aerospace Engineers

Aerospace engineers need to accurately apply math and physics calculations to design various kinds of aircrafts, spacecrafts, missiles and satellites. They are responsible for designing, constructing and testing these products for safety and effectiveness. This involves closely monitoring designs and manufacturing to ensure that quality standards are met. Aerospace engineers may specialize in areas like thermodynamics, flight mechanics, propulsion and more. They need at least a bachelor's degree, and may need special security clearance depending on the project that they work on.


Physicists need good math skills as they perform complex experiments and calculations to study how matter and energy interact. Specific job titles in the field include medical physicists, astrophysicists, molecular physicists and more. Physicists may spend part of their time writing research grants to raise money for their experiments, as many are quite expensive. They utilize high-tech equipment, like lasers, to collect data, which they then use to test and prove or disprove various theories in the field. Most physicists need a Ph.D. to conduct research, but some entry-level jobs may only require a bachelor's degree.

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