Reconnaissance involves conducting preliminary research and investigation by watching the enemy from a distance, infiltrating the enemy troops and even faking an identity to access or collect information that can help the troops overcome the enemy. Besides assessing the enemy's forces, reconnaissance soldiers also study the environment and the terrain to determine how it would impact the efficacy of the troops. Since the success of Army missions depends on successful reconnaissance, the Army has set up several career positions to enhance the receivership of this intelligence information.
|Job Title||Median Monthly Salary (2017)*||Applicable Military Skills/Traits|
|Calvary Scouts||$1,600 (E-1)||Sharp memory, great observation skills, ability to operate undetected|
|Army Rangers||$3,035 (O-1)||Superior camouflage, sharp memory, courageous, attention to detail, navigation guides|
|Green Berets||$3,035 (O-1)||Flexibility and Adaptability, brilliant and idealistic, able to learn new concepts, ability to fit in a new environment|
|Night Stalkers||$3,035 (O-1)||Superior night vision, skilled pilots, ability to maintain composure in a combat situation|
|All-Source Intelligence Officers||$3,035 (O-1)||Clear-headed, sharp eyesight and memory, agile in tough situations, keen observation skills|
The salaries indicated above are generalized and taken from the lowest ranks. However, the army specifies and customizes salaries based on the experience and specialty of an enlisted service member or an officer.
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Army Reconnaissance Career Descriptions
The jobs listed below are those that require soldiers to conduct reconnaissance, among other duties and responsibilities. These jobs are held by U.S. soldiers belonging to the country's Special Forces. They include:
The job of a Calvary Scout is intense and requires the applicant to be clearheaded, with the ability to think quickly. A sharp memory is also important because the Scouts relay information exactly as they have received it, either by observation or hearing. Calvary scouts also go ahead of the troops, marking and reporting safe routes. They must relay information regarding the weather and the terrain, which helps the commander to identify the best routes for the soldiers to use. Just like other sensitive military roles, applicants must take the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) tests to determine their strength and suitability for this role.
Army Rangers are part of the groups in the Special Operations Command, and their activities are kept secret. Typically, rangers work in groups of three or four, covering each other as they collect intelligence. Their job requires them to be skilled in camouflage, have a sharp memory, observation and hearing skills. The Rangers are particularly important for guiding navigation during missions and for assessing the skills and strength of the opponent. They keep their eyes on the enemy, especially in situations where the enemy can slip through undetected. However, Rangers are not supposed to engage in confrontation, their work is only to catch and relay information.
The Army runs a Special Force Unit called the Green Berets. This is a flexible and highly skilled force and one of the critical parts of the United States' military resource. Green Beret soldiers are versatile in their roles and activities and train in combat, reconnaissance, and other special skills. Their flexibility, for example, requires them to learn multiple cultures and languages to help them adapt to any environment. They are also trained in psychological warfare and in disinformation, which is the art of creating and distributing false information. America uses this force as its primary defense force across the globe.
Also called the Task Force 160, the United States Night Stalkers is an elite squad, a part of the Army's Special Operations unit that flies helicopters to aid regular and Special Forces on the ground. They participate in attack missions, conduct reconnaissance, and are the ones that let down or evacuate the Army soldiers and the Special Operations Forces. This unit of the Army was created to provide aircraft support to Special Forces soldiers. To perform their roles effectively, the Night Stalkers receive intense flying training, particularly for the night, when most combat missions take place.
All-Source Intelligence Officers
All-Source Intelligence officers are a unit of the Military Intelligence Officer 35 squad. A soldier in this unit begins as an intelligence officer who collects essential information that guides soldiers' retaliatory moves during combat. The soldier, however, graduates to become an All-Source Intelligence Officer specializing in surveillance and reconnaissance. An All-Source Intelligence officer also offers advice on the battle resources suitable for engaging the enemy, based on a thorough assessment of the situation on the ground.