Be a Railroad Brakeman: Education and Career Roadmap

Aug 03, 2018

Research the requirements to become a railroad brakeman. Learn about the job duties, and read the step-by-step process to start a career as a railroad brakeman.

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  • 0:00 Should I Be a Railroad…
  • 0:38 Career Requirements
  • 1:22 Step 1: Diploma and…
  • 2:37 Step 2: Complete the…
  • 3:24 Step 3: Consider…

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Should I Become a Railroad Brakeman?

A railroad brakeman, or brake operator, operates railroad track switches and couples or uncouples freight cars. The job also involves inspecting couplings, hand brakes, air hoses and other train parts. Some brake inspectors may travel with the trains and be away from home for prolonged periods of time. Most work in adverse weather conditions and may be required to perform heavy lifting or other physically challenging tasks. Railroad brakeman jobs are unionized.

Career Requirements

Degree Level High school diploma or equivalent
Experience 6+ months experience preferred
Training On-the-job
Key Skills Far vision and hand-eye coordination; verbal and written communication skills; knowledge of railroad equipment, policies and procedures, mechanical work, and quality of train cars
Salary $55,180 (2015 median for railroad workers)

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

A high school diploma is standard in order to work as a railroad brakeman. However, employers must be looking for someone with six months or more experience. If hired, on-the-job training is required to work as a brakeman. Some of the key skills that an individual will benefit from in this career field are far vision, verbal and written communication abilities, and hand-eye coordination. Knowledge of railroad equipment, policies and procedures, mechanical work and quality of train cars can also be beneficial.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual salary for railroad workers as of May 2015 is $55,180.

Step 1: Diploma and Physical Ability

The minimum education requirement for a railroad brakeman is usually a high school diploma. After graduating from high school, aspiring railroad brakemen must pass medical exams and physical abilities tests. Since railroad brakemen must repeatedly bend over and lift heavy objects, they must be physically fit and healthy. The physical abilities test measures strength, ability and endurance. This test may require applicants to lift and carry boxes or weights for certain distances, climb stairs and demonstrate movement and flexibility. The medical exam includes measurements of heart function, blood pressure and lung capacity. It also includes drug and alcohol screening.

Build Physical Stamina

A railroad brakeman or switchman has a very physical job, climbing up and down ladders on train cars and operating hand brakes. Making sure one is in good physical condition can help to make this job easier.

Acquire Knowledge of Brake and Switch Systems

Some colleges and organizations offer classes in the use of railroad signals and braking systems, covering topics like railroad safety, operations and how the braking systems and signals work.

Step 2: Complete Job Training

Newly hired railroad brakemen are usually trained through in-house training programs. Through coursework and hands-on experience, trainees learn to throw railroad switches and couple and uncouple freight cars in rail yards and on main lines. Training programs also covers train timetables, signals, operating regulations and safety. New railroad brakemen gradually assume more responsibilities while working under the guidance of senior brakemen, conductors and engineers.

Study Track Length and Various Signal Systems

Knowledge of tracks and how signals work is important to a railroad brakeman or switchman, so one should pay attention to those things during training.

Step 3: Consider Career Advancement

Railroad brakemen who receive additional training can advance to conductor and engineer positions. Since trains run seven days a week at all hours, newly-hired brakemen can work long hours. Working overtime is required. Because railroad brakeman jobs are unionized, it can take more than 20 years to land a 9-to-5 schedule. Brakemen belong to the United Transportation Union and cannot be ordered to work more than 12 hours a day without time off for rest.

So when considering a career as a railroad brakeman, be sure to earn a high school diploma and stay physically fit in order to be hired and work as an operator who throws switches, inspects equipment, and couples and uncouples freight cars in a very physically demanding unionized position that requires knowledge of railroad operations and signals and will require working outdoors for long hours.

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