Are you looking for a tried and true way to build study habits that will last? Using Nir Eyal's Hooked Model of habit formation, you'll learn how you can create new, exciting, and even addictive study habits to use over and over again. Read on to learn how it works.
The Hooked Model of Habit Formation
Nir Eyal, author of Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products, has discovered the ultimate habit-forming method. By breaking down how habits are formed, Eyal has taught numerous tech companies and businesses how to create products consumers simply can't live without.
For the purpose of this article, we'll use the habit-forming method as a proven way of developing good study habits. Let's begin with the elements of the Hook Model, which include:
The first step in building proven study habits is to identify a trigger. Eyal describes a trigger as a spark plug in the Hook Model. When it comes to study habits, the trigger is what motivates you to study. The way you learn is your trigger. Most students fall into one or more of the following learning styles:
- Visual learning, also known as spatial learning, occurs when information is acquired and recalled through the use of graphs, charts, highlighted notes, pictures, and videos, among other aids.
- Auditory learning depends on our sense of hearing to recall and retain information. Students who fall into this category learn more when information is related to music and sounds.
- Verbal learning suits students who learn best by reading and memorizing materials, often reciting definitions or information out loud over and over again.
- Linguistic learning, also known as reading/writing learning, involves retaining information through the written word. For students who fall under this umbrella, reading and writing about concepts is the most effective way to retain information and recall it later on.
- Kinesthetic learning, or physical learning, is the method by which students learn by collecting, retaining, and recalling information through the five senses.
The second step in building effective study habits through the Hook Model is the action step. Discovering your trigger should motivate you to act when creating and applying a method of learning. Let's assume that your trigger is visual learning. Once you've discovered this trigger, your course of action would be to format and transform your class materials and notes into visually appealing study tools, like graphs, maps, charts, Power Point slides, or other forms of media. Organizing and transforming information into visual props not only motivates you to study but also enables you to collect, learn, and retain information during the process.
Reward is the third step in developing solid and long-lasting study habits. Eyal notes that a potential reward can make all of the difference when it comes to not only initiating but also continuing the study habit. For instance, as Eyal points out, when you open a refrigerator door and see the light come on, you probably won't feel motivated to continue opening and closing the door, just to see if the light comes on again. However, if a new dessert appears every time you open the refrigerator, then you'll continue to open the door in expectation of a new treat.
The rewards associated with establishing successful study habits are the high scores achieved on exams as your grades start to reflect your new study methods. Possessing the ability to study and do well on tests results in positive reinforcement, which motivates you to repeat your study steps in preparation for the next test.
You may also want to give yourself a more tangible reward once you've finished studying. For instance, after one hour of study time, you could reward yourself with one hour of ''playtime,'' like playing a video game, watching a favorite television show, reading a new book, or texting with friends. Teachers use a similar reward method to motivate students to do their schoolwork called extrinsic rewards. When using this approach, teachers give students a tangible reward for completing a task, which motivates them to do it again.
When it's time for the next quiz or test, you'll repeat the study process, collecting information, creating visual aids, and retaining the material for later. Repetition becomes a habit, and good grades can prove that the habit is a successful one.
The final step in the Hook Model is investment. In order for the Hook Model to work, you must invest your time and yourself into discovering your trigger and taking action. Only then will you be rewarded with better grades and understand the importance of long-lasting study habits.
Further enhance your study methods and create new habits with a membership at Study.com, which can provide you with access to 70,000-plus text and video lessons!