Graduate programs in the area of child psychology include masters' and doctoral degrees. Child psychology may also be labeled as developmental psychology and can be found as a specialization within a master's degree psychology program. Some master's degree programs are available online.
Master's degrees usually take two years to earn, while doctoral degrees can take around five years. In order to graduate, master's students may be required to complete a thesis. Doctoral graduates typically need to meet licensing requirements to practice child or developmental psychology. Applicants generally will need an undergraduate degree in psychology or a related field.
Master's Degree in Psychology
Students may pursue either Master of Science (M.S.) or Master of Arts (M.A.) in Psychology programs with concentrations in child psychology and child development. Child psychology graduate programs expose students to research and clinical components involved in child psychology. Students can learn about intervention techniques, disorders, treatments and programs for children. Courses may provide students with experience working with children who have learning, behavior and social problems. Throughout the program, students will typically have a curriculum of advanced psychology courses, such as the following:
- Child development theories
- Lifespan development
- Adolescent personality assessment
- Research method and design
Doctor of Philosophy in Child Psychology
One of the goals of a Ph.D. in Child Psychology program includes developing research and intervention methods for treating children, adolescents and families. Students develop skills in social, biological and cognitive bases of psychology. Beyond research, Ph.D. students also participate in clinical or teaching experiences, depending on whether the programs lean towards clinical or academic emphases. In addition, to lecture and research in general child psychology, special attention is also given to cultural diversity, ethnicity, social intervention and the public sector. Students will typically develop a curriculum that covers such topics as:
- Cognitive development
- Parent and child relationships
- Research in child psychology
- Stages of child development and learning
- Pediatric and adolescent psychology
Popular Career Options
A master's degree with a concentration in child psychology or development can qualify individuals to work in human services, academics or education. Graduates can also work under the supervision of licensed psychologists in community mental health clinics, psychiatric hospitals and correctional facilities. Potential careers include:
- Youth counselor
- Marriage and family therapist
- School social worker
- Research assistants
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Child psychologists use their understanding of the human mind and behaviors in environments such as hospitals, schools, government agencies or private practices. Upon earning a Ph.D. in Child Psychology, graduates may qualify to work as independent psychologists in the clinical and counseling spheres. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of all psychologists is expected to grow 19% from 2014-2024 (www.bls.gov). The median salary for counseling, clinical and school psychologists was $70,580 in May 2015.
Professional Certification and Continuing Education
The BLS reports that psychologists providing patient care or working in solo or group practices must be licensed. State licensing boards administer standardized tests, which vary depending on the specialty and typically include written and oral answers. Psychologists who need to renew their licenses can do so through continuing education.
Graduate students interested in child psychology can look into master's- and doctoral-level degree programs in the filed. These programs delve into topics of child development and related concepts of therapy and cognition. Graduates must attain state licensure before practicing as a psychologist.