Drafting courses are typically part of certificate or 2-year degree programs in drafting technology or computer-aided drafting and design (also called CAD or CADD). They are also often included in 4-year architectural degree programs. Students will get experience reading and creating blueprints and schematics, and they will use industry standard CAD software to design tools, buildings, electrical systems and more.
Here is an outline of common concepts taught in drafting courses:
- Geometry for drafting
- 3-D modeling
- AutoCAD literacy
- Architectural design
- Structural drafting
- Electrical systems
- Machine tool design
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List of Drafting Classes
Introduction to Technical Drafting Course
In a basic technical drafting class, students learn about topics like geometrics, sectional views and multi-view drawing. Students also study lettering, tolerance and dimensioning. Depending on the program, students may gain experience with computer drafting systems; however, most introductory drafting courses begin with paper and cardboard models.
Students learn basic AutoCAD commands, a computer-based drafting tool used by professionals, and how to create and revise architectural, electrical and mechanical drawings. Computer drafting courses also cover manipulate extrusions, wireframes, solid models, 3-D modeling theories and ways to render 3-D drawings. An introductory drafting class should be completed prior to enrolling in this course.
Students in this drafting class develop competency in designing and rendering plans for residential, commercial or public spaces. Topics covered in architectural drafting include plot planning, floor and foundation planning, wall construction, window selection, stairway planning and roof construction. Students learn AutoCAD techniques specific to architectural drafting.
Students learn how to draft plans that incorporate electrical symbols. The plans show electricians where to install lighting and electrical systems. Electrical drafters also draw diagrams of equipment and electrical controls. Students should have an understanding of basic drafting before enrolling in this class.
In an industrial drafting course, students learn how to draft assembly drawings. They also learn how to draw different viewpoints, like section and auxiliary views, and how to interpret drawings. This class may begin a degree program in industrial drafting or be an elective in a general drafting program.
Tool Design Course
Tool designers draft designs for usable products as well as the machines that will create them. Drafting students use hand-drawing and drafting software to design tools. Focus is on designing fixtures, jigs, dies and molds. This course is an advanced drafting course for students who have completed introductory drafting and AutoCAD courses.