Education Required to Become a Physical Therapist

Sep 09, 2019

If you are considering a career as a physical therapist, you will need an undergraduate degree in a science-related field as well as a professional Doctor of Physical Therapy degree. Find out more about the career advantages and salary for this position.

Essential Information

Physical therapists work with patients to help them retrain injured or debilitated muscles by moving, stretching and strengthening various parts of the body. To become a physical therapist, a person must obtain a professional degree, usually a doctorate in physical therapy. College programs in physical therapy are typically a combination of coursework and clinical rotations. Additionally, states require individuals to be licensed to legally work as physical therapists.

Required Education Undergraduate degree in a related field, plus a Doctor of Physical Therapy
Licensing Mandatory; students must pass the National Physical Therapy Examination
Projected Job Growth (2018-2028) 22%*
Median Salary (2018) $87,930*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Education Required for Physical Therapists

Undergraduate Education

Prospective physical therapists have options in areas of study at the undergraduate level. A student may choose to enroll in a major that includes significant science coursework, such as biology, anatomy and physiology. Alternatively, some schools offer a pre-physical therapy major in their health and physical education departments. These curricula may require courses in science and health-related topics, including exercise physiology, physical education methods and personal wellness.

Graduate Education

Physical therapists need a graduate degree. These programs have varying requirements for admittance, which may include minimum standards for grade point average, standardized test scores or volunteer hours. Many programs also have prerequisite coursework requirements.

Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) programs train students in the procedures of diagnosis and treatment. Coursework covers topics in anatomy and procedures in physical therapy, such as therapeutic applications and exercise. Some DPT programs include integration and assessment courses that allow students to apply the techniques they've learned through simulations.

Clinical clerkships in DPT programs place students in healthcare facilities under the supervision of licensed physical therapists. Students may undergo an introductory practicum where they observe a workplace. Some clerkships may be part-time and integrated with coursework, while more advanced clerkships are full-time. These experiences cover different methods of physical therapy, including rehabilitation and acute care.

Students may consider programs that are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE). This organization is recognized by the U.S. Department of Education and the Council on Higher Education Accreditation as the only accrediting agency for physical therapy programs. According to the CAPTE, graduating from an accredited program is required to sit for a licensing exam (

Licensing Information

Besides graduating from an accredited program, states typically require a passing score on the National Physical Therapy Examination as part of the licensing requirements. Many states require a jurisprudence exam that tests individuals on the laws of that state. To remain licensed, continuing education standards may need to be met.

Employment Outlook and Salary Information

Jobs for physical therapists were expected to grow 22% from 2018-2028, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), which is significantly faster than the national average of 5% for all occupations. The BLS also revealed an annual median salary of $87,930 for physical therapists in 2018.

Physical therapists help a patient strengthen, move or stretch muscles and parts of their body. They are required to have a graduate degree and state licensure. Demand for physical therapists is strong, as job growth is expected to be much faster than the average for all occupations, rising 22% from 2018 through 2028.

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