Individuals seeking training related to electricity engineering can consider programs in electrical engineering, which are available at the bachelor's, master's, and doctoral levels. A bachelor's degree is typically enough to prepare graduates for entry-level work in the electrical engineering field, though a master's or doctoral degree can also prepare graduates to work in academia, research, development or management.
Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering
Electrical engineering primarily uses math and physics concepts to develop electrical systems and devices. Some of these systems include power generation, fiber optic data transmission, radar and medical image processing. Some students in electricity engineering degree programs may specialize in areas such as computer technology, integrated media systems, telecommunications or aerospace systems. Students need a high school diploma or equivalent in order to enroll in a bachelor's degree program.
Electrical engineering courses cover math, physics and engineering. Most universities also require undergraduates to complete general education requirements. Coursework covers topics including:
- Data processing logic
- Electrical systems
- Linear technology
- Probability, statistics and probabilistic systems
- Calculus and differential equations
- Feedback control systems
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
Master's degree students typically specialize in a single area of electrical engineering, studying the topic more in-depth and preparing for upper-level jobs. Specializations include photonics or signal processing and communications. Admission into these programs requires a bachelor's degree.
Coursework will vary according to the specialization chosen. Courses may cover:
- Advanced probability and statistics
- Stochastic processes in engineering
- Computational techniques in electrical engineering
- Semiconductor sensors and actuators
- Mobile communications, optical communications and satellite communications
- Quantum electronics
Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering
Engineering Ph.D. students work closely with an advisor and tailor a program of study to meet students' goals. A variety of specializations may be pursued. Concentrations include communications, robotics, photonics, electromagnetics and VLSI design. In addition to a masters degree, a passing score on the Electrical Engineering Qualifying Examination is required for the enrollment into these programs. Many graduates of doctoral degree programs look for work as professors of electrical engineering.
Most coursework in a Ph.D. program consists of independent study, research and a dissertation required for the degree. Any actual coursework will cover specific engineering topics in-depth and may be in seminar format. Some possible courses are:
- Antenna analysis and design
- Transform methods
- Advanced semiconductor devices
- Image processing
- Optimal estimation for control
- Neural networks
Popular Career Options
Although graduates of bachelor's programs in electrical engineering can become electrical engineers, they can also work as:
- Application engineers
- Engineering construction specialists
- Radio frequency engineers
- Systems engineers
Graduates of master's programs in electrical engineering can find upper-level jobs as:
- Systems design engineers
- Software engineers
- Reliability engineers
- Project engineers
- Development engineers
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts little or no change (0% growth) in the employment of electrical and electronics engineers for the years 2014 through 2024. The BLS also notes that the median annual wage for electrical engineers was $93,010 in 2015.
Students seeking entry-level employment in electricity engineering may earn a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering. Students wanting a career in electrical engineering research, development, management or academia can go onto a Master of Science or Ph.D. program in this field.