EMT-Basic programs are offered at many community colleges and usually result in a certificate. Licensure is required of EMTs in every state; to become licensed, individuals must typically pass the national certification exam administered by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT). Aspiring EMTs may be required to pass a background check as well. Once you start taking classes, here are some of the topics you will be covering:
- Hemorrhage control
- Emergency childbirth delivery
- Mouth-to-mask resuscitation
- Oxygen administration
- Bone and joint splinting
- Cardiac arrest assessment and treatment
- Burn classification and treatment
- Bleeding control and shock management
- Emergency equipment and vehicle operation
List of Common Courses
While each state sets different educational requirements for EMT-Basic certification, most programs consist of 100-120 hours of theoretical classroom instruction. The length of this didactic component of the EMT-Basic course depends on how frequently and for how long each class meets. Instructors teach the necessary emergency medical care skills students need to fulfill their duties as EMTs at the basic life support level with an ambulance service or other specialized medical service. The aim of the course is to thoroughly prepare students for the clinical component of the training course, during which they will be dispatched to the scene of 911 calls to assess and treat patients under the supervision of a certified professional.
Clinical experiences give EMT-Basic students the opportunity to apply the skills and techniques they learned in the classroom in closely supervised patient care settings. In most cases, the school running the training program will secure students a position with a nearby ambulance service, fire department or emergency medical care service. Clinical supervisors assign students to shifts, provide students with learning objectives for each shift, evaluate student work and provide feedback to EMT-Basic students.
EMT-Basic Certification Course
EMT-Basic certification classes prepare students to work as entry-level emergency medical technicians. At some schools, this preparation may take place in a single course that covers classroom, clinical and ambulance ride-along time. Students who successfully complete the course are eligible to take the appropriate certification examinations for their jurisdictions.