EMT programs are commonly found at community, vocational, and technical colleges. Although training for all three levels has become standardized, some states may have additional licensing requirements. Prior to starting training programs, individuals must usually be CPR certified. After completing training, students have to take the appropriate certification exams from the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) or through their respective states to qualify for licensure.
Topics reviewed in EMT courses include the following:
- Emergency medicine
- Patient transport
- Managing trauma
- Patient assessment
- Anatomy and physiology
List of EMT Training Courses by Level
As the most basic level of EMT training, this course prepares students to perform ambulance-based and pre-hospital life support functions. Curriculum consists of practical and classroom instruction in basic EMT concepts and skills, including basic human anatomy and physiology, patient assessment, administration of oxygen and control of bleeding.
Formally referred to as EMT-Intermediate training, this course builds upon the skills learned in basic EMT training programs. Students learn more advanced skills with IV and drug administration, patient assessment, advanced life support, patient transport and fluid therapy. Classroom instruction, labs, and clinical experience are provided to enhance the student's training.
Prior to beginning this course, individuals must already be EMTs at the basic level - some programs require advanced EMT certification as well. There is about 1,200 hours' worth of paramedic coursework training, and the training may be part of a certificate program or an associate's degree program. Students acquire advanced life support skills and receive training in pre-hospital trauma, pediatric, and advanced cardiac life support. They also spend a certain number of hours riding in an ambulance and observing at emergency rooms. Specific skills include advanced airway management, IV fluids, patient monitoring and administration of various medications.