Undergraduate certificate and associate's degree programs for aspiring clinical or medical laboratory technicians include courses which afford candidates the hands-on training necessary to begin their careers. A certificate program is designed for those possessing another degree in science, while an associate's program includes the necessary prerequisite biology and chemistry coursework as part of general education. These programs can be completed at a vocational school, technical school or community college, and they feature clinical laboratory activities and multiple practica. Depending on where they work, graduates may need to get licensed, registered or certified to work as a hospital technician.
Here are some common concepts in hospital technician classes:
- Anatomy and physiology
- Treatment of disease
- Operations and techniques
List of Hospital Technician Classes
Clinical Laboratory Science Course
Students receive an overview of the hospital technician or clinical laboratory profession, study terminology, ethics, quality control and safety in this course. By fulfilling laboratory hours, students are able to practice on laboratory equipment and learn specimen collection procedures. To qualify for this class, prospects must have taken high school chemistry and biology and enroll in a greater hospital technician program.
Urinalysis and Body Fluids Course
In this course, students gain an in-depth understanding of the theories and techniques used in the analysis of urine and other bodily fluids. Through the use of a microscope, they also learn to analyze the chemical makeup of such bodily by-products. Laboratory participation and class instruction often take place concurrently. Introductory biology courses are usually a prerequisite to these hospital technician classes, but may be taken simultaneously.
Aspiring hospital technicians must learn the fundamentals of dealing with preparing blood and blood components for transfusion, such as antibody identification and Rh typing used to check blood for Rh antigens and absorption. Emphasis is placed on the theorems of blood banking and immunohematology as well as genetics, cross matching, elution, blood groups and various case studies. Chemistry and biology classes are often prerequisites for this course.
Students are introduced to sequences of red and white blood cells, common and uncommon morphology, and various diseases such as anemia and certain leukemias in this course. Students also learn the practical application of hematology procedures, origination of blood cells formats, coagulation procedures, hematocrit and staining techniques. Hematology courses are frequently offered in two parts.
Clinical Chemistry Course
These classes introduce enrollees to the various tests and procedures implemented in clinical chemistry. Students learn how to understand quality control and normal results, provide the physiological reasons for testing and explore test values. Depending upon whether courses are separated into introductory and intermediate levels, key topics can include semi-automated and automated analysis of glucose, electrolytes, acid-base balance, liver functions and nutrients for the body.