Java Instruction Training Requirements and Recommendations
Java instruction programs are available to those with a high school diploma or GED certificate. Java programming is taught at a certificate level, while a bachelor's degree in computer science is needed to become a Java programmer. It is also possible to specialize in other programming languages such as C++ and XML.
Java programmers should be technically adept and able to perform advanced programming duties. Because they are responsible for creating technical documentation to accompany Java programs, they should have excellent communication and presentation skills. Interpersonal skills are required to work with other developers, systems analysts and end users, if necessary. Java programmers should stay abreast of changes and updates to Java products and computer science in general.
Bachelor of Science in Computer Science
A bachelor's degree program in computer science introduces students to various computer and information technology concepts. Students learn to efficiently operate computer systems and perform programming, development and database organization duties. Computer science programs combine traditional courses in mathematics, physics and statistics with hands-on computer labs that teach advanced computer operating skills. Common courses include:
- Computational research
- Computer architecture and informational organization
- Database systems
- Computer programming and software development
- Human-computer interaction
- Computer systems analysis
Java Programmer Training Courses
Although a computer science degree addresses broad areas of computer operation, most students need additional training to become proficient with the Java programming language. Training courses vary in length from several hours to several weeks. Java training programs are offered by schools and some computer science organizations. Java programmers and developers also commonly enroll in certification courses offered by Sun Microsystems, which established the Java programming language in 1995. These courses cover topics like:
- Java programming fundamentals
- Object-oriented analysis
- Application development using Java
- Designing web-based Java products
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimated that employment opportunities for computer programmers would decline at 7% between 2018 and 2028. In May 2019, the BLS reported a median salary of $86,550 per year for computer programmers (www.bls.gov).
Licenses and Certifications
Java professionals are not required to be licensed; however, voluntary certification is available from Sun Microsystems and may be preferred by employers. Sun Microsystems offers several levels of certification for programmers and developers of all experience and knowledge levels.
Entry-level Java programmers can obtain Sun Certified Java Associate (SCJA) credentials. With experience, they can achieve advanced levels of certification. Each certification path has courses that teach students advanced concepts in Java programming and development. Obtaining more than one certification can lead to greater overall knowledge of Java programming. Advanced certifications include:
- Sun Certified Java Programmer (SCJP)
- Sun Certified Java Developer (SCJD)
- Sun Certified Developer for Java Web Services (SCDJWS)
Workshops and Seminars
Java training workshops are often sponsored by colleges and computer science organizations. For instance, the Institute for Advanced Technology Training (IATT) offers a 2-day training seminar that teaches Java programming, design and quality assurance concepts. Colleges may offer workshops through their computer science departments. Sun Microsystems also offers workshops that are separate from its certification courses.
Additional Professional Development
To gain advanced opportunities in Java programming and development, professionals can obtain a master's degree in computer science. Master's degree programs introduce students to advanced research-based aspects of computer science, programming and software development.
Java programmers can also seek membership in computer science organizations, including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Computer Society and the Association for Computer Machinery (ACM). Both of these organizations provide networking and continuing education opportunities for developers, programmers and other computer professionals.
Java programming can be taught at the certificate as well as the bachelor's level, with the option of learning other programming languages such as C++ and XML. Upon completion, students can seek voluntary certification in Java programming language, and can obtain a master's degree in computer science to further their career goals.