Journalist Education Requirements and Career Information

Sep 14, 2019

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a journalist. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about career options, job duties and degree programs to find out if this is the career for you.

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To become a journalist, you'll need a bachelor's degree in either journalism or communications. While completing your degree, you can choose to specialize in either print or broadcast journalism. Work experience, such as an internship with a media outlet, is important to help you secure a job in this field, which has become more competitive in recent years.

Essential Information

Journalists analyze and interpret facts and information about local, national and international events and report them to the public. Most journalists complete bachelor's degree programs to prepare for careers in either print or broadcast journalism. Work experience is important for aspiring journalists, so most degree programs include an internship.

Required Education Bachelor's degree
Other Requirements Work experience
Job Growth (2018-2028)* -12% for all reporters and correspondents
Median Salary (2018)* $41,260 for all reporters and correspondents

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Education Requirements for Journalists

Journalists, also referred to as reporters and correspondents, have bachelor's degrees in either communications or journalism.

All journalism majors take courses in editing, journalistic ethics, reporting, feature writing, photojournalism and communications. Additional coursework is determined by whether a student is focusing on print or broadcast journalism. Students either take courses to strengthen their writing skills or to learn radio and television production techniques. Those concentrating in online media learn software and web design skills, as well as how to combine text with graphics, photo and video media. Undergraduate students also benefit from professional internships with media outlets, completed either during the summer or during the semester.

Career Options

Print journalism and broadcast journalism are the two major areas in which a journalist might work. As both text-based and broadcast news is becoming increasingly digitized, both of these career areas have some online media focus.

Print Journalist

There are positions available in print (newspapers and magazines) and online media. Some journalists report on facts alone, while others, such as columnists, create content based on both facts and opinions. Journalists often specialize in certain fields, such as politics, entertainment, sports or weather.

Broadcast Journalist

Broadcast journalists may choose to be either newscasters or correspondents with radio and television news outlets, as well as on the Web. Newscasters are more commonly known as news anchors, who present and introduce news packages. Correspondents conduct research and deliver news reports from the field.

Career Information

According to the BLS, many journalists begin their careers with smaller publications or broadcast networks, often as general assignment reporters assigned to news that is pertinent to that outlet's audience. As they gain experience and build a portfolio of reports, they are assigned to more difficult and in-depth stories.

After years of reporting, many journalists go on to become editors, producers, supervising reporters and even station managers and publishers. They may also have the opportunity to advance to larger networks and publications.

Career Outlook

Employment opportunities in the reporting and correspondence field is expected to decline through the 2018-2028 decade, due to news organizations merging and the decrease in the number of newspaper readers. According to the BLS, employment prospects will be favorable with small local newspapers. The BLS also reports, however, that journalists with training or experience in online print and broadcast media can expect the best job opportunities in this highly competitive field.

A bachelor's degree combined with relevant work experience is the best path to landing a job in journalism. You can choose to focus on either print or broadcast journalism and develop specializations within those areas. Although there are fewer jobs now than in the past, training and experience in online media can improve your job prospects and help you build a career in journalism.

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