Enrollment in an academic or certificate program is typically required to register for juvenile probation classes. Students taking these courses learn about current justice systems in the United States and techniques used to help offenders and reintegrate them into the community. Classes in juvenile probation cover issues like drug addiction, community support and ways juvenile justice differs from the adult justice system. Students are exposed to case studies and might visit correctional facilities while enrolled in juvenile probation programs.
Here are some concepts commonly explored in juvenile justice courses:
- Family systems
- Ethics in juvenile justice
- Factors influencing delinquency
- Residential interventions
Juvenile Probation Courses
Juvenile Justice Course
This introductory juvenile probation course familiarizes students with the history of the juvenile justice system in the United States. The class analyzes the different options available to youth who step outside the law, comparing the options to adult corrections programs. Students begin using the terminology common to the field and visit local correctional facilities to learn about the processes used.
Behavior Modification Course
Students taking this introductory course study the procedures, such as enforcement theory, used to modify behavior. They discuss the theories behind the different principles and learn ways to apply them to stop bad behaviors and encourage good behaviors. Coursework includes case studies of behavior modification techniques and analysis of the evidence and results.
Substance Abuse Course
Intermediate courses in substance abuse cover the physical, social and psychological impacts of drug use. Teachers identify different substances and compare how they affect human behavior. Students learn the forms of drug abuse and the legal ramifications for this crime. The course typically includes treatments used.
Parole and Community Corrections Course
Courses in this category, such as intermediate juvenile probation classes, focus on rehabilitating individuals so they can become part of society again. Students learn options for keeping tabs on individuals who have committed crimes, such as house arrest, community service and probation. They examine the options and how they affect the offender, the officer and the community, comparing the pros and cons of each option. Students also discuss parole, which is the conditional release of an individual, compared to probation, which lets someone again become part of a community instead of serving time. Pardons, which grant full forgiveness of a crime's legal consequences, are also discussed.
Restorative Justice Course
Restorative justice courses also discuss efforts to restore offenders to society. Students taking this advanced course compare the current justice system to this new system, which strives to meet the needs of the offender and the victim. They view various methods of restoration from both perspectives, examining concepts in victim-offender reconciliation, reparation for harm and reintegration into the community.