The type of landscaping classes and degree level required will depend on your career goals. For example, there are certificate and associate's degree programs in horticulture and landscape design, landscape business management, landscape technology, landscape history, landscape construction and landscape preservation. For advanced training to become landscape architects or engineers, there are also bachelor's and master's degree programs in landscape design and landscape architecture. Most programs give students the chance to gain experience by performing tasks such as installing irrigation systems, building fences, or working on an independent research project.
Here is an outline of common concepts taught in landscaping courses and classes:
- Materials and construction
- Plant taxonomy and identification
- Landscape ecology
List of Courses
Introduction to Landscaping Class
Beginning landscaping classes introduce students to landscaping terminology, garden design, horticultural skills and landscape construction. Students learn about plant selection for different conditions, soil preparation, irrigation systems, lighting systems and landscape drawing and design. This course is taken at the beginning of a landscaping program.
Land Management and Preservation Class
A land management and preservation class helps students understand how landscaping is part of larger social and ecological systems; this class is taken after an introductory landscaping class. Students learn about different landscape types as well as soil and ecological cycles. Soil testing, soil chemistry and the biological systems that exist in soil are covered. Landscaping classes oriented towards preservation also teach students about composting, fertilization, insects, watering, sanitation and general maintenance. Students engage in projects that might require them to compile site histories or surveys.
Landscape Architecture Class
Taken after a beginning landscaping class, landscape architecture classes focus on landscaping as an environmental and creative design field. Students learn how to read a landscape and prepare working designs. Classes typically revolve around lectures and field trips. Topics include budgeting for landscaping projects, current materials and technology for design, the history of landscape architecture and the role of environmental issues in the design process.
Landscape Construction and Maintenance Class
This course explores commonly used construction and maintenance techniques and materials. Students learn how to operate and maintain equipment used in landscaping. They also learn about plantings, staking, transplanting and pruning of plants. They examine operator responsibilities, principles of safely and OSHA requirements. Students also may learn how to construct patios, walks, fences, waterfalls, pools and other outdoor features. Landscape construction and maintenance study may consist of more than one course.