What is Geography?
Geography is defined as the study of the physical environment in relation to the lives and history of humans. In Greek, the word geo means "earth", and graphein means "to write", indicating that recording the Earth's formations is valuable. People who study geography take into account physical environment, climate, landforms, and soil in relation to humans, politics, religions, economics, and cultures. Looking at the world through eyes that are studying the complexities of geography is looking to understand a natural location, why and how that location is there, and the connection to what has occurred in that location.
Understanding geography extends beyond understanding only the landforms of the Earth. There are general types of geography that encompass the smaller sub-categories. The first type includes physical geography, which focuses on the study of Earth's physical surface, plants and animals, and the impact of nature on humans in various climates and locations. The second type of geography is human geography, which centers around human activity and how humans operate in their specific locations. Human geography addresses population, economics, politics, and more. Environmental geography, the third type of geography, combines physical and human geography to examine spatial relationships between humans and the natural environment.
The study of geography, both current and historical, give insights into how nature and humans impact one another. In many cases, the historical topics of study are relevant to today and therefore encourage learners to draw connections between the past and the present.