Hematology Questions and Answers

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Hematology Questions and Answers

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Results of blood tests performed in this exercise would be different for anemia and for carbon monoxide poisoning, yet in one respect these two conditions are similar. Explain why this statement is...
Concisely explain how and why blood cells are analyzed by hematologists in diagnosis, medicine, research, and forensics.
How to raise hematocrit levels?
What is thromboplastin? Give a brief explanation of how it works.
What is the correct abbreviation for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura?
Describe Hematological disorders.
What is the difference in function between basophils and eosinophils? What is the function of platelets? Name the Agranular leukocytes:
Think of at least two general causes of an abnormally low total WBC count.
Select the correct answer. An 18 year old male presents to his family physician complaining of sore throat and fatigue. The patient is found to have a fever and swollen cervical lymph nodes. A comp...
Broadly speaking, why are hematologic studies of blood so important in the diagnosis of diseases?
Define the bold terms in the text.
The study of blood is called
Mary is tested for the amount of hemoglobin in her blood. The test results indicate that her hemoglobin level is 16 g/dL of blood. This value indicates that A) she is suffering from anemia. B) she...
Is hematopathology the same as hematology?
a. What medical term describes Amy's platelet count? b. What conditions are suggested by an increased neutrophil component in a differential count?
At what value (low) does the WBC count need to be to warrant a 200 cell count differential?
Is a four-fold increase in hemagglutination inhibition titers sufficient to provide immunity to influenza?
What branch of biology deals with the study of blood vessels?
Explain in detail the purpose of a blood chemistry test.
Explain the purpose of a blood chemistry test.
How did James Blundell die?
What are the functions of human blood?
Sometimes a person with deep vein thrombosis can develop right ventricular hypertrophy. What does it mean to have a hypertrophic heart ventricle, and why would it only happen on the right side in t...
What evidence do we have that carbon dioxide concentration of the atmosphere has increased in the last 200 years and what evidence do we have that that increase is due to human activity?
Consider three economies, A, B, and C. Aggregate desired expenditure (AE) in economy A is composed of only consumption expenditures and Investment, in economy B is composed of consumption expenditu...
a. What is the relationship between daily dietary protein intake, nitrogen balance, and amino acid function? b. What is the effect on this relationship when on a vegetarian diet?
What is histiocytic sarcoma cancer?
What are the primary functions of blood in transportation, defense, and maintenance of homeostasis?
Explain how the humoral immune response is able to produce many antigen-specific antibodies.
Compare and contrast the nitrogen requirements of microorganisms and higher forms of life, describing how their respective requirements are met.
What factor is involved in stabilizing a fibrin clot?
Where does carbon dioxide attach to the hemoglobin?
Distinguish among the different types of blood cells and compare the functions of the various leukocytes.
What is the importance of iron to the health of a human being, and what are some food sources of iron?
The burning of fossil fuels only releases CO2, which is a harmful greenhouse gas. However, it does not impact human health. True or false?
State True or False. If false, then change a word in the sentence to make true. Most of the CO_2 transported in the blood is in the form of hydrogen ions.
Chloride ion moves into the red blood cells when: a. CO2 moves into the red blood cells b. bicarbonate moves out of the red blood cells c. O2 moves into the red blood cells d. hemoglobin moves out...
Why can antimicrobial peptides induce hemolysis?
Which of the following statements are correct? Choose all of the correct answers. a. Platelets are more numerous than white blood cells, but contribute less volume to blood than white blood cells....
What are the different transport systems used to deliver nutrients inside the body?
What is the relationship between toxicity and hematocrit?
The purpose of fibrinolysis is to: A. make the clot stronger. B. split more fibrinogen to fibrin. C. splice fibrin molecules together. D. dissolve an old clot.
Describe the consistency and color of the plasma you observed in the laboratory.
A man's water intake is sufficient for his diet. However, his blood is always too concentrated as it passes through the hypothalamus. Suggest a possible reason for this observation.
During hemostasis, three steps occur in rapid sequence: (1) vascular spasm; (2) platelet plug formation; (3) coagulation, or blood clotting. True False
Hemostasis is the stoppage of bleeding or hemorrhage. True False
Hemostasis is a three-phase process that prevents blood loss through damaged vessels. The phases are (1) vascular spasm, (2) the formation of a platelet plug, and (3) blood clotting. True False
What happens in the vascular phase? What prostaglandin is released that helps with vasoconstriction?
What is the composition of blood?
How is energy transferred to foods fried in deep-fat?
For the blood clotting process to be normal, one factor and one co-enzyme is needed. Name them.
In serum, about 55% of total serum calcium is bound. The measurement of ionized (free) calcium with an ISE is 1.10 mM. What is an estimate of the total calcium
It has been stated that elevated homocysteine level accelerates thrombin formation. By what mechanism does this happen?
With respect to controlling atmospheric carbon dioxide, the "solubility pump" is most important: a. in the deep ocean b. in the surface ocean c. at hydrothermal vents d. at the oxygen minimum
Where does most of the carbon dioxide that diffuses from blood into the alveolus come from?
A patient with a blood disorder needs a replacement product that contains clotting factors. Does the nurse expect which product to be given? a. Albumin. b. Fresh frozen plasma. c. Packed red blo...
Which of the following plasma proteins plays a role in blood clotting? a. Albumins b. Globulins c. Fibrinogens d. Prostaglandins
Complete the following table to learn about the formed elements: \begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline \text{Formed element} & \text{Location} & \text{Function} \\ \hline \text{Neutrophils} & & \\ \hline...
Which of the following does not affect a nutrient's quality? a. Cooking b. The nutrients source c. An individual's recent infection d. None of the above
What makes blood red?
Which of the following variables is not considered in the calculation of a light loss factor? a. Depreciation of lamp lumen due to the buildup of dirt. b. Loss of lamps due to breakage. c. Deprecia...
The composition of blood is: a. 35% plasma. 45% formed elements b. 45% plasma, 55% formed elements c. 50% plasma, 50% formed elements d. none of the above
What makes up 55% of the composition of blood? a. hormones b. haemoglobin c. blood cells d. plasma
Identify the term/concept described by the following statement. Carbon dioxide forms ______________ groups in proteins by reaction with N-terminal groups. A. Bohr B. 2, 3-BPG C. Carbamate D. Carbon...
Describe the final common pathway for blood coagulation.
Joseph plays basketball for his high school team and he is concerned that he is not consuming enough kilocalories to support his activity. Which of the following would be the best indicator that he...
Each of the following is a way that blood transports material around the body except: a) nutrients from the digestive tract to the body b) carbon dioxide from lungs to tissues c) stored nutrients f...
What is the normal pH of blood plasma?
In order to count live, unstained white blood cells in the lab, red blood cells will be lysed with a hypotonic solution that has higher salt than normal saline. True or False?
What types of substances, naturally produced by the body, prevent the uncontrolled spread of a clot once it begins to form?
A person weighing 78 kg would have how many liters of blood? Which formula would you use?
Describe a. Diseases of the heart (at least one disease) b. Physiological functions of the blood
1. Discuss the pathophysiology of how atherosclerosis progresses. 2. Discuss how physicians diagnose a thrombotic myocardial infarction. 3. Discuss how physicians treat a thrombotic myocardial in...
If you perform a coagulase test, you observe plasma clumping, what happens at the molecular level?
The goal of clotting pathways is to produce the insoluble protein __________ from the soluble protein __________.
If a person hyperventilates, will the carbonic acid equation compensate to produce more or less CO_2?
Regarding the coagulation, why is vitamin K necessary?
When chelating agents are used as anticoagulants, why is it vital that these agents bind divalent cations?
What vital signs change first during internal bleeding?
What is the relationship between carbon dioxide levels and pH of the blood?
Describe "composition of blood".
Match the following enzymes with the reaction/s they drive: 1. fibrinogen rightarrow fibrin 2. prothrombin rightarrow thrombin 3. fibrin digestion A. thrombin...
Compare and contrast the effects of fibrinolytic streptokinase and urokinase when used as tissue plasminogen activators.
The chief difference between plasma and serum involves the _______. (a) amount of water (b) quantity of electrolytes (c) quantity of organic wastes (d) coagulation proteins (e) concentration of glu...
The agglutination, lateral flow tests, and ELISA can be used to test for O157 and H7 antigens (agglutination, lateral flow) and Shiga toxin (ELISA). What are other things could they be used to test...
Prothrombinase catalyzes the production of ____ from prothrombin.
There are oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrient, hormones, waste products that blood transports through the body. Consider the consequences to the body (positive or negative) if these things are absent...
What are the three mechanisms of maintaining hemostasis? In other words, what happens when you experience sudden blood loss?
Describe the main stages in the formation of a blood clot and evaluate the importance of specific factors such as platelets, vitamin K, air and blood proteins.
Relate the structure and function of blood components such as blood proteins, RBC's, WBC's and platelets.
What factors are involved in the formation of a clot? What is the difference between coagulants, thrombus and thrombocytes agents?
Outline the major events that culminate in blood coagulation.
Explain causes, symptoms and treatment of blood clots.
Discuss hemostasis beginning with the severing of a blood vessel to the formation of the fibrin clot.
Explain the process of hemostasis.
What is hemostasis? What are the stages of hemostasis? Describe what each of these stages involve.
Describe, in detail, the three steps in the process of hemostasis.
Describe the three mechanisms that contribute to hemostasis.
What causes thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura?
Which of the following options is correct? The enzyme responsible for converting CO_2 and H_2O to carbonic acid is a. Carbonic anhydrase. b. Adenylate cyclase. c. Aceylcholinesterase d. Pancreatic...
What is the term associated with the risk factors for thrombus formation? Identify the 3 risk factors.
Briefly define hemolysis. Indicate one test that has a falsely high result on a hemolyzed sample, and one result that has a falsely low result.
What are the main components of blood and what is its liquid portion?
a. Why is Blood conservation therapy important and what are the indications for its use? b. Are there guidelines Healthcare providers should initiate prior to starting blood conservation therapy?
What is blood composed of?
(a) What is fibrinolysis? (b) Why is it important?
A person with hypoparathyroidism will cause numerous symptoms including osteoporosis and difficulty in blood clotting. a. What is hypoparathyroidism? b. Why would someone with this disease have d...
List the five functions blood serves in the body.
Trace the pathway of a carbon dioxide gas molecule in the blood from the inferior vena cava until it leaves the bloodstream. Name all structures (vessels, heart chambers, and others) passed through.
In which of the three layers (top, middle, bottom) in centrifuged blood would T cells be found?
In which of the three layers (top, middle, bottom) in centrifuged blood would albumin be found?
What is agglutinin and agglutinogen?
It is important that humans have the clotting system working properly when there is a break in a blood vessel but it is very dangerous if the clotting system works when the vessels are closed. The...
Select all that apply.
What are the major enzymes, factors and protein characteristics of the clotting cascade?
What is acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura?
Regarding the coagulation, what type of biological molecule is a clotting factor?
What type of molecule is a clotting factor?
Deep vein thromboses, blood clots that build up in a deep vein, particularly the deep saphenous vein in the leg, are seen more frequently in Iong-distance truck drivers, passengers on airplanes who...
What important chemical conversion occurs within the common pathway of blood clotting?
What is the significance of fibrinogen in blood? What does it do and when does it perform this action?
What will trigger the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin, and why is this mechanism important?
A blood cot that forms along the wall of a blood vessel is called a thrombus. An embolus is a piece of a thrombus that breaks and flows through the blood until it gets stuck in a small blood vessel...
A blood cot that forms along the wall of a blood vessel is called a thrombus. An embolus is piece of a thrombus that breaks and flows through the blood until it gets stuck in a small blood vessel d...
A blood clot that forms along the wall of a blood vessel is called a thrombus. An embolus is piece of a thrombus that breaks off and flows through the blood until its gets stuck in a small blood ve...
Determine if the following statement applies to oxygen only, carbon dioxide only, or both: Sometimes transported as bicarbonate.
Hyperventilation is usually accompanied by a(n) _____________. A. Decrease in blood CO_2 concentration and a drop in pH. B. Decrease in blood CO_2 concentration and a rise in pH. C. Increase...
Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin diseases, considered malignant conditions of the lymphatic system, are characterized and differentiated by different aspects. What are the big differences between these two...
Blood can be divided into two major components: Formed elements and plasma. What is the function of each of the formed elements?
List all major dietary requirements for RBC production and describe their function. (especially: Iron, Vitamin B12, and Folic Acid)
Why white cell counts can evaluate inflammation? explain detail pathophysiology
Identify the term: This stage of wound healing includes the proteins fibrin and fibrinogen.
Write the term that matches the description: Extracellular matrix protein that activates platelet plug.
Write the term that matches the description: Protein that breaks up fibrin clots after healing has started.
What are the different forms in which carbon dioxide is present in body fluids?
The free bicarbonate in the plasma serves as the major of the blood.
What is the difference between agglutinogen and agglutinin?
Why does albumin remain in the vascular space, rather than entering the interstitial space?
Explain why blood doesn't clot in the bloodstream.
Determine if the following applies to white blood cells, red blood cells, and/or platelets: surrounded by a phospholipid bilayer.
Determine whether the following applies to white blood cells, red blood cells, and/or platelets: contains a nucleus.
Determine whether the following applies to white blood cells, red blood cells, and/or platelets: forms from megakaryocytes.
What is the fluid matrix of blood?
What is the fluid matrix of blood that is primarily water and noncellular?
Fill in the blank: The liquid matrix of the blood is known as.
A 36-year-old man presents with fever, night sweats, weight loss, and a feeling of fullness in his abdomen. Subsequent lymph node biopsy reveals a diagnosis of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although lympho...
A 55 y/o male presents to the clinic with multiple areas of enlarged lymph nodes and now notices oral masses under this tongue and throat. On physical exam, the APRN notes palpable nodular liver. T...
What is the difference between plasma cells and memory cells?
Describe the three steps in hemostasis and what activates each step.
What are the 3 main phases (or mechanisms) involved in hemostasis?
What are the formed elements of blood?
Which of the following is true? (a) Lymphoma is an aggressive disease that must be treated quickly if it is to be cured. (b) Lymphoma is an indolent, slow-moving disease that may be dormant for mon...
Determine if the following statement applies to oxygen only, carbon dioxide only, or both: Net diffusion from body tissues to blood.
What are the types of streptococcal hemolysis? Describe
Which of the following is not a normal characteristic of blood? a. tastes metallic, or salty b. neutral pH of 7.0 c. more viscous than water d. 5 million erythrocytes per microliter
Do plasma proteins have nuclei?
Provide the stimulus for the intrinsic pathway and its location.
Explain how the intrinsic and extrinsic coagulation pathways are interrelated.
For wheat germ agglutinin, answer the following: a. What is it? b. Where does it come from? c. What does it do? d. What is one way it is used in research?
Provide the following information about wheat germ agglutinin: a. What is it? b. Where does it come from? c. What does it do? d. What is one way it is used in research?
The approximate number of liters of blood in the human body is (a) 10-12. (b) 2-3. (c) 7. (d) 5-6. (e) 4.
Your patient's wounds are beginning to heal. Put the following steps in the correct order that describe how the body stops bleeding. -Plasmin causes fibrinolysis -Blood clot forms -Fibrinogen be...
A 62-year-old man has experienced substernal chest pain upon exertion with increasing frequency over the past 1 year. An electrocardiogram shows T wave inversion in the anterolateral leads at rest....
Is thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura curable?
Why is it advantageous for clot formation to involve molecules on the surface of activated platelets?
What is the WHO classification of Hodgkin lymphoma?
How is oxygenated blood different from deoxygenated blood?
Which of the following factor is affected mainly by the concentration of plasma proteins in blood? a. BHP B. IFHP c. FIOP d. BCOP e. All pressure are equally affected. Choose an option and explain.
What factor mainly affects the concentration of plasma proteins in blood?
What is a platelet plug?
What causes platelet aggregation?
What ion is essential for blood clotting?
Why do we have blood?
What is blood clotting called?
Where are eosinophils produced?
What percentage of formed elements do erythrocytes have?
What is erythrocyte hemolysis?
What type of cancer is B-cell lymphoma?
What is high grade B-cell lymphoma?
What is follicular B-cell lymphoma?
What is B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
What is aggressive B-cell lymphoma?
What grade is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma?
Is B-cell lymphoma non-Hodgkins?
Is B-cell lymphoma genetic?
Is B-cell lymphoma fatal?
How is B-cell lymphoma diagnosed?
What is low grade B-cell lymphoma?
What is the prognosis for B-cell lymphoma?
What are B-cell lymphoma's symptoms?
What causes diffuse large B-cell lymphoma?
Is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma hereditary?
What is marginal zone B-cell lymphoma?
What are the causes of B-cell lymphoma?
What is stage 4 B-cell lymphoma?
What is small B-cell lymphoma?
Is B-cell lymphoma hereditary?
What is the B-cell lymphoma survival rate?
Is B-cell lymphoma curable?
What is the WHO lymphoma classification chart?
What does increased platelet count mean?
What causes increased platelets?
What causes a high white blood cell count and a low platelet count?
What can increase platelet count?
What are megakaryocytes?
What percent of blood is formed elements?
The place where nutrients enter the blood is
What are formed elements?
Why does blood coagulate?
Why do blood clots form?
How is CO2 transported in the blood?
What color is your blood?
What does blood do?
What class of drug is Lovenox?
How to assess Homan's sign
What is a sequential compression device?
What is Homan's sign?
The transport function of blood is dependent on what components?
What does PTA stand for in medical terms?
What is a APTT lab test?
What does D-dimer measure?
How long can DVT last?
How does smoking cause DVT?
How do you treat DVT pain?
Where does deep vein thrombosis occur?
How long can you have DVT without knowing?
What are the symptoms of DVT?
What causes DVT?
What is DVT?
What happens if lymphoma is left untreated?
How many types of Hodgkin lymphoma are there?
Where does lymphoma spread?
What causes blood clots in the lungs and heart?
Hemolysis most likely will occur when?
What is hemolysis?
What is transient vasoconstriction?
How do platelets protect against blood loss?
The slowest step in the clotting process is
Fibrinogen is a protein produced in platelets that does what?
Write a chemical equation for the major way in which carbon dioxide is transported through the body.
The largest proportion of the carbon dioxide delivered from peripheral tissues to the lungs is carried in the blood: a. in combination with hemoglobin in red blood cells. b. dissolved in the fluid...
Name 2 organic and 2 inorganic molecules found in the body, and their function.
The pH of plasma within the arterial system is ....: the pH of the plasma within the venous system is ..... A. 7.00 : more than 7.00 B. acidic : alkaline C. 7.4 : greater than 7.4 D. 7.4 : less...
What is the approximate blood volume in human adults?
On average, how many liters of blood does a human body have?
How much blood does an average person have in ml and what is plasma ? How much % of blood is cells, how much % is plasma ? How much volume is that for each in ml. ?
How can you experimentally determine the total volume of blood in a human?
The enzyme ___ causes the formation of carbonic acid from carbon dioxide and water and also catalyzes the same reaction in reverse.
During the final stage of clotting, the fibrin threads form an interlocking mesh of fibers, trapping red blood cells and sealing ruptured vessels. True False
Explain the purpose of immunologic tests: cold agglutinins.
The observation that viruses can agglutinate red blood cells suggests to some people that both viruses and red blood cells must have multiple binding sites. Is this a good argument? Why or why not?
The law of mass action pertains to HbCO_2 association/dissociation. Determine which circulation this equation would be taking place in: Hb + CO_2 = HbCO_2. a. Systemic circulation b. Pulmonary circ...
Approximately 50% of all cellular elements in blood are erythrocytes. True or false?
True or false? Approximately 50% of all cellular elements in blood are erythrocytes.
What are the stimulatory factors for the release of erythropoietin?
Which of the following is the bicarbonate ion? a. C O O b. H P O 2 4 c. C H 3 d. H C O 3 e. C O 2
Which of the following is true about blood? A. It contains more cells than plasma. B. It contains more plasma than cells. C. It contains an equal volume of cells and plasma.
Identify and discuss the structure of hemoglobin and the red blood cell membrane.
Thromb- means ___.
Which of the following correctly describes mechanisms of CO_2 transport? O 20% of CO_2 is carried in the form of carbaminohemoglobin O As bicarbonate ion in plasma O 7 to 10% of CO_2 is dissolved...
How is CO_2 transported in blood?
Indirect activity of CO2 is a result of increased concentration of which chemical species? A) BPG b) H+ c) heme iron d) distal His
Which of the following formed elements are not living cells? Select all that apply.
Greg is trying to decide which brand of cereal to buy, but he is somewhat confused by the health claims. Which statement represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement? a. "Promot...
A 70-year-old male patient presents to the emergency department complaining of pain in his calf that is exacerbated when he walks. His pedal and popliteal pulses are faintly palpable and his leg di...
Plasma contains numerous plasma proteins involved in transport, regulation of water balance and protection. True False
Blood consists of formed elements and plasma. Blood has transport, regulatory, and protective functions. True False
Explain how low oxygen conditions can affect RBC production.
What is another name for coagulation factor X in the blood clotting pathway?
(a) List the three formed elements. (b) Describe the function of each.
Indicate whether Hemolysis, Crenation, or no change will occur for the following solutions: 1. Placing a red blood cell in distilled water. 2. Placing a red blood cell into an isotonic solution. 3...
Identify the composition of blood plasma, including its most important solutes and plasma proteins.
Which of the following is the best description of normal whole human blood? a) 90% water by volume b) 12% protein by weight c) Slightly alkaline ph, 7.4 average d) All of the above are correct e) N...
Select the correct answer(s). Blood has a pH of about 7.4 Its pH varies as it travels through the body, dropping off and picking up substances. Why would blood become more acidic when it picks up c...
Which of the following is correct? A) The partial pressure of oxygen in systemic venous blood is normally 40 mmHg. B) The partial pressure of carbon dioxide in systemic venous blood is normally 4...
Explain the two different groupings of white blood cells (Granulocytes vs Agranulocytes), and the types of white blood cells found in each and their functions.
What are ferritin, apoferritin, and transferrin? What are their roles?
What is a DVT and how does it develop? What is the relationship between DVT and PE (pulmonary emboli)?
1. What is the function of each of these reactions in a person's body? a) Clotting serves to: b) Agglutination is a reaction to: 2. Why are both hematocrit and hemoglobin content performed as s...
Choose the correct answer: The average total volume of blood in the body is about A) 5 liters B) 5 pints C) 500 ml D) 70 kg
A person who was in an auto accident has formed a blood clot at the site of the injury. One event that can lead to formation of a blood clot is that: a. red blood cells release hemoglobin. b. bone...
List the major components of blood (both plasma and cellular elements).
List the formed elements in blood plasma and describe their functions.
Select one of the thrombolytic diseases caused by a genetic defect and describe the defeat and laboratory findings and treatment.
Provide a synopsis of the clotting cascade, as well as how 2 anticoagulant medications affect it. Provide a discussion regarding 2 ways the cardiovascular system works to control blood pressure. Yo...
Describe the common diagnostics used to determine the type or cause of bleeding disorders.
What is hemolysis and how is it determined?
What happens to the carbon dioxide that moves out of the bloodstream in external respiration? Include all the equations and where it is happening in the plasma or the erythrocyte.
(a) Name four components of blood. (b) List their functions towards its function.
(a) What are the five main blood proteins? (b) What are their functions?
Explain how this serological test is used: Agglutination test
Blood can be divided into two major components: Formed elements and plasma. What is in plasma?
The liquid part of the blood is called
Why do newborns have a normal red cell count that is higher than an adult? Select one: a. Their cells are rich in Hemoglobin F which is less able to carry oxygen. b. The normal RBC count of a newbo...
Explain how breathing controls blood pH.
State True or False and justify your answer: Plasmin is the "clot-busting" enzyme that is activated during wound healing that degrades fibrin threads and therefore is responsible for getting rid of...
Explain the understanding of the importance of blood plasma. Include in your answer all the dissolved particles carried in plasma
What are the missing components in serum that plasma has?
The Cascade has two methods of initiating clot information, the intrinsic and the extrinsic method. a. Describe the difference between the two different methods. Platelets are a very important pa...
What are the main components of blood? Include medical terminology, not common names.
Human blood is made up of different cells. Name the cells and their function.
Blood is a connective tissue made up of what general components?
What are the components of blood?
What are the main components that make up the blood?
Blood is a tissue that is found in mammals and birds. What are the components of blood?
What are the components of blood and what do they do?
(a) List the basic components of blood. (b) Define hematocrit.
Patients with liver disease suffer from bleeding disorder because? a. The liver is involved in the synthesis of erythropoietin which is needed for the synthesis of clotting factors. b. The liver is...
State the functions of plasma.
(a) What cells are the most numerous in the formed elements of the blood? (b) What is their primary function?
Generally, 7% of the plasma is made up by what primary chemical group?
What two ways can an immune system destroy the incompatible red blood cells during a blood transfusion with an incompatible blood type?
What is the first and most immediate response to the breakage of a blood vessel?
How does a deficiency of iron affect the blood?
You have a patient who has a decrease in plasma protein concentration in the blood. Which of the following symptoms are consistent with this patient? A. Hypertension. B. Tissue swelling. C. Increas...
Red blood cell lysis predominately leads to A) Fever and chills in malaria B) Depressed immune response C) GI tract infection D) Increase production of ROS
Explain how this serological test is used: Hemagglutination inhibition test
What is the average blood volume in most adults and what % of plasma is water ?
The percentage of blood in plasma is
The contrast media used in CAT scans for imaging major blood vessels generally consist of a fluid that contains an ionic compound containing iodine. When this fluid is injected into the bloodstream...
Are proteins, lipids, starch, sugar, calcium (ion), iron (ion), and chlorine (ion) in blood plasma? If they are, explain its function in the body.
The hemostasis response is fast, localizes and carefully controlled. True False
When are 1/4 circle needles used in veterinary medicine?
Under which of the following conditions would T-cell activation be least likely to occur? a. Macrophages are incubated with antigen, then fixed with paraformaldehyde, then incubated with antigen-sp...
What are the functions of carbohydrates and proteins?
a. Why did this patient's radial pulse and blood pressure become unobtainable? b. Explain the need for aggressive control of the aortic pressure and pulsatile blood flow.
Which structures transport only carbon dioxide? (a) hemoglobin (b) red blood cells (c) veins (d) arteries (e) All of the above (f) None of the above.
How would hemostasis be affected in an individual with a severe calcium deficiency? Explain your answer.
Carbonic anhydrase catalyzes the formation of carbaminohemoglobin. True False
Which of the following is in buffy coat? a. red blood cells b. white blood cells c. platelets
When a centrifuge full of blood is spun, the separated components are the plasma, buffy coat and hematocrit. Which of the following components is (are) found in the buffy coat? a. Erythrocytes b. W...
A 2nd blood transfusion of Rh+ to Rh- causes agglutination of RBCs. True False
What is the most important chemical stimulus leading to increased rate and depth of breathing? a. Increased blood pH b. Decreased hydrogen ion in the blood c. Decreased carbon dioxide in the blood...
Transfusion reactions occur because antibodies present on the surface of a donor's erythrocytes (red blood cells) bind to antigens present within the recipient's blood. A. True B. False
What is an abnormal decrease in the number of white blood cells called?
What does blood carry to every cell in the body?
What does it mean when a sample is hemolyzed?
Respiratory acidosis is caused by condition(s) that lead to an increase in the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (\downarrow pCO2) in the lungs. True False
Which of the following options is correct? Poikilocytosis a. Measure the total percent of abnormal shapes of RBC in the blood. b. An abnormally high number of keratocytes will end up with high perc...
Provide the prefix, root, and suffix for the following medical terminology: a. digitalis b. hypertension c. hormones d. prolactin
Describe in detail the phenomena of hemostasis that result in the cessation of bleeding.
Which of the following are functions of the blood? A) transportation of gases B) regulation of blood volume C) protection from germs D) A and B E) All of the above
The pCO_2 in the pulmonary artery is approximately: A. 40mmHg B. 46mmHg C. 100mmHg
Does phototherapy put mycosis fungoides into remission?
Explain how hyperventilation and hypoventilation alter levels of carbon dioxide in the blood.
The function of erythropoietin is to: A. raise blood pressure B. correct acidosis C. increase RBC production D. lower blood pressure
The formation of fibrin can occur via two pathways: intrinsic and extrinsic. What is the difference between the two pathways?
Which will not be formed in the plasma in capillaries surrounding active tissue? a. carbaminohaemoglobin b. hydrogen carbonate c. carbonic acid d. hydrogen ions
1. The antigens present on our own red blood cells in our own body: a. Are termed self-antigens and do not generate an antibody response. b. Generate a response in which our antibodies react with...
What are other sources of carbon emissions associated with coal-fired electrical generation besides the actual combustion reaction?
What is plasma? What is the percentage of blood content does plasma account for?
Where is the major site of RBC destruction located?
Which of these is not one of the formed elements of blood? A) RBCs B) platelets C) antibodies D) lymphocytes E) basophils
The fluid portion of blood, in which red blood cells are suspended, is called plasma. Is the plasma likely to be isotonic, hypertonic, or hypotonic to the red blood cells?
Thrombin catalyzes the joining of these molecules present in plasma. A. Prothrombin B. Fibrinogen C. Angiotensinogen
Which one of the following helps in blood clotting? a. Plasma b. Platelets c. Red blood cells d. White blood cells
Carbonic anhydrase plays a role in regulation of pH. True False
What type of hemolysis is produced by S. pneumoniae?
A plasma protein that plays a role in the formation of a blood clot. A. Prothrombin B. Fibrinogen C. Angiotensinogen
Are the chemoreceptors that regulate respiration influenced more by pCO2 or by pH?
What activated clotting protein causes a clot to finally form?
The most abundant plasma protein is __________. a. peptide hormones. b. globulins. c. fibrinogen. d. albumin.
Which of the following are healed injuries that appear as white lines on the print? a. scars b. divergence c. delta d. none of the above
Select the correct answer. Increased plasma volume: a. decreases Atrial natriuretic factor b. increases angiotensin II levels c. increases Antidiuretic hormone levels d. decreased thirst
How many liters of plasma are in the human body?
[{Blank}]refers to insufficient blood supply in human beings. a.)Hemostasis b.)Oxaenemia c.)Hyperemia d.)Ischaemia
(a) What do erythrocytes and platelets have in common? (b) What do erythrocytes and plasma membrane have in common? (c) What role do platelets play in coagulation?
The enzyme that reversibly converts CO2 into bicarbonate is called A. bicarbonase. B. carbonic anhydrase. C. carbonic acidase. D. carbon dioxidase.
Compare and contrast the mechanisms by which plasma (minus the plasma proteins) is filtered by bulk filtration out of and then back into a capillary in a muscle and into the glomerulus.
True or false? Albumin is the most abundant plasma protein.
Albumin is a plasma protein which is produced by the liver and is required for blood clotting. True or false?
State True or False: A right shift of the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve due to increased PCO_2 is known as the Bohr effect.
Why is there a rise in carbon-13 when there is more CO_2 in the air? What is the cause of carbon excursions?
Food provides nutrients that nourish: a. cells. b. tissues. c. organs. d. organisms. e. All of the above
The formed element of the blood that initiates clot formation are known as thrombocytes or _.
The process of fibrinolysis a. activates fibrinogen b. converts prothrombin into thrombin c. dissolve clots d. induces erythropoiesis
Name three solutes you'd find in plasma.
If a greenish color forms around bacterial growth on a sheep's blood agar plate, we can say that the type of hemolysis this bacteria exhibits is __________.
Why are heparinized needles not used to prevent clotting of hemolymph?
What are plasma proteins and why are they important?
Explain whether the following statement is True or False. The lungs remove carbon dioxide from blood plasma.
Why doesn't type O blood agglutinate?
Most of the carbon dioxide transported in the blood is in the form of: 1) bicarbonate ions dissolved in the blood plasma. 2) bicarbonate ions in the erythrocyte. 3) carbon dioxide bound to hemoglo...
A 35-year old female marathon runner has noticed that her urine appears more cloudy and has an unusual, unpleasant odor. Urinalysis: Elevated levels of leukocytes and nitrites. Negative for eryth...
Which of the following are formed elements: white blood cells, red blood cells, and/or platelets?
What is another name for WBC, RBC, and platelets?
Explain everything about the blood and why the blood is red in colour?
What is the difference between a thrombus and an embolus?
(a) Describe plasma. (b) List some of its important proteins and their functions.
(a) Explain the composition of the plasma. (b) What is the main plasma protein? (c) List the function of the plasma components.
What kind of cancer is non-Hodgkin lymphoma?
System supplies digestive organs with oxygen and processed nutrients: ___
How does blood help maintain stable conditions within cells, and what role does it play in the transport of molecules as well as immunity for the body?
Identify the term: The step during wound healing in which Fibrinogen is converted into Fibrin by the action of Thrombin.
How many liters of blood are in the human body? Is it different for males and females?
Explain why you centrifuge blood samples.
How are the respiratory and cardiovascular systems closely integrated and how do they respond to changes in our body?
What is a biochemistry blood test?
Explain why the blood pH begins to decrease when physical activity increases.
What is blood?
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