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Producers and Consumers of the Taiga or Boreal Forest

Timothy Huggins-Polite, Amanda Robb
  • Author
    Timothy Huggins-Polite

    Greetings, My name is Timothy. I am a Certified Teacher in both Science and Social Studies. I have earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Middle-Level Education and a Master’s Degree in Instructional Design. I receive great joy from teaching and helping others learn. I have been teaching since 2018 and my goal is to pass my passion for learning onto others.

  • Instructor
    Amanda Robb

    Amanda has taught high school science for over 10 years. She has a Master's Degree in Cellular and Molecular Physiology from Tufts Medical School and a Master's of Teaching from Simmons College. She is also certified in secondary special education, biology, and physics in Massachusetts.

Explore the Taiga biome food web. Learn the definition of the Boreal Forest, where it is found, and discover the Boreal Forest's producers and consumers. Updated: 07/17/2022

Table of Contents


Boreal Forest Overview

The Boreal Forest is Earth's largest biome on land. It spans different parts of North America, Europe, and Asia and is located specifically in Canada, China, Finland, Japan, Norway, Russia, Sweden, and the United States of America. The boreal forest is the coldest, most northern forest on Earth, consisting of primarily coniferous gymnosperm trees, with freezing temperatures that last for 6-8 consecutive months. Coniferous trees dominate the Boreal Forest biome due to the nature of their leaves. These trees have pines as their leaves. These pines allow the tree to capture sunlight efficiently while reducing the risk of freezing during the winter. Additionally, the pines have very little sap in them, so if they do freeze, the leaves will have minimal damage. Animals of this biome range from insects to small mammals, leading up to large predators, such as bears and tigers. While the Boreal Forest has temperatures above freezing for four months of the year, small sections of this biome are found to be covered in permafrost. A common name for this biome is the Taiga, and it can be used interchangeably with the term "Boreal Forest."

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  • 1:15 What Is a Food Web?
  • 2:03 Boreal Forest Food Web
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Boreal Forest Food Web

The food web of the Boreal Forest consists of producers and consumers. Producers are organisms that create and introduce energy into the biome. In its most simplified form, a food web can be considered similar to this:

  • Primary consumers eat the producers.
  • Primary consumers are eaten by either larger primary or secondary consumers (in rare cases).
  • Tertiary consumers eat secondary consumers, and apex predators eat these tertiary consumers.

One aspect of what makes a food web more advanced than a simple food chain is that it illustrates how sometimes a higher-level organism will not interact with a lower-level organism. For example, a bear will not hunt a wolf, although a wolf is at a lower level on the food web. When an organism eats another, the energy is transferred from the organism eaten to the organism eating. In the simplest terms, when a person eats a steak or salad, the energy in the food is transferred into their body. Each food web level can also be considered a Trophic Level. The passing of energy through levels of the food web allows the biome to sustain itself. The energy passes through the biome from producers to consumers. The larger consumers eat the smaller consumers, and the smallest consumers eat producers. The trophic levels of the food web are how this concept can be visualized.

A food web can be defined as an illustration that depicts the flow of energy through a biome, encompassing multiple members at each trophic level. A food web and a food chain are similar; however, a food web includes vertical movements in the trophic levels and its multiple members. A food chain would only have one organism per trophic level, whereas a food web would provide various members.

Boreal Forest Producers and Consumers

While it is challenging to organize a food web for every single organism in any Biome, the most prominent organisms of the Taiga will be discussed here. All multicellular organisms are placed into one of three categories:

  1. Producers
  2. Consumers
  3. Decomposers

This discussion will focus on the producing and consuming members of the food web, as decomposers can fit on multiple levels.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the producers of the boreal forest?

The producers of the Boreal Forest are primarily coniferous trees. Algae are also producers in this biome, along with moss that grows on the ground. This biome has very few shrubs or bushes.

What is the food web in the Boreal forest?

The food web in the Boreal Forest illustrates the flow of energy through a biome and encompasses multiple members at each trophic level. It shows producers and consumers. Unlike a food chain, which only shows one consumer per organism, a food web illustrates all the consumers for each organism.

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