Conservative Politics: History and Views

What is a Conservative?

Who are conservatives? Conservatives are individual who believes in the political doctrine of conservatism. This group of people aligns with traditional institutions and social, political, and economic preservation practices. Conservatism favors the gradual evolution of institutions and practices. Being a conservative means there is the common belief that the government is responsible for preserving traditions, in their position as the people's servant, instead of the master. Conservatives, therefore, oppose the politics of deliberate changing of the politics and functioning of society by the government.

The main characteristics of a conservative include;

  • Rejection of the view that human beings are capable of moral improvement through political and social change.
  • Believe in individual freedoms, in that these liberties need to be preserved from all forms of government interruption.
  • Limited government means that the government's powers need to be reduced significantly and can only operate through the consent of the governed.
  • The rule of law needs to be strictly adhered to, as justice needs to show equality and impartiality.

A political spectrum is used to characterize and group the various political ideologies. For example, compared to liberals, conservatives are right-wing activists, while liberals are associated with left-wing ideologies and economics.

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  • 0:01 Conservatism Defined
  • 0:40 An Example
  • 2:09 History
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Conservative Politics

In Western Culture, conservative politics and ideology believe in the social and political philosophy of preserving an array of institutions that have historically been huge in society. These institutions include organized religion, property rights, and a parliamentary government. As a result, conservative ideologists are often extremely opposed to progressive ideas and look to return to traditional values.

There are some assumptions that conservatives make to perpetuate their agenda.

  • The assumption is that human beings are naturally selfish, irrational, and prone to violence because selfish desires primarily drive them.
  • They believe in a transcendent moral order, which requires people to conform to pre-existing societal principles.
  • They do not believe in abstract arguments and theories. They assume that political principles cannot be driven by reason alone as a society will end in disaster.
  • Some core principles characterize the conservative ideology worldwide and a particular view on various social topics.
  • The conservative ideology believes that a permanent moral order ensures harmony in society. Man needs guidance for an order to prevail, and these orders were made specifically for them. The state of human nature never changes, and the moral truths that exist are to remain permanent.
  • This ideology also believes in customs, convention, and continuity. This means that human beings adhere to the existing traditions and follow their ancestors' footsteps.
  • Conservatives are prominent on the principle of prudence. However, all public measures are subject to judgment, as every action has long-term consequences.
  • Additionally, conservative ideology insists on prudent restraints on power and human beings themselves. Since passions and desires drive man, traditional rules and laws will guide people and tame their eccentricities.

Social conservatives are furthermore concerned about multiple social issues. In most cases, they oppose almost all the social problems that arise as society progresses. This means they are against issues like abortion rights, feminism, pornography, same-sex marriages, and transgender rights. They stand for traditional family values and encourage abstinence-only sex education.

What do Conservatives Stand For

Political views: The right-wing activists, generally referred to as anti-federalists, advocate for smaller governments, reduced regulations, and the creation of free markets. These free markets are to be run by the private sector. They also interpret the constitution in the most literal manner.

Economic views: This conservative view believes the government should reduce the level of taxes by cutting down on their spending. Reducing the spending levels will help balance the budget. The high-income earners need to get credit to incentivize their spending habits. Charity should be left to the general population.

Social views: These conservatives oppose all forms of progressive social issues, such as abortion rights, same-sex marriage, general rights of the LGBTQIA+ community, and embryonic stem cell research. On the other hand, they believe that all people hold the right to bear arms under the Second Amendment of the U.S. constitution, hence heavily anti-gun control initiatives. They also believe in the death penalty and the personal accountability of every individual.

Personal responsibility: Conservatives believe that individuals need to have personal responsibility, and the government should be active in holding everyone responsible for their actions, often with harsh penalties, such as the death sentence. The laws should reflect a moral society as a whole, and this is only achievable by weeding out the "problematic cases."

Religious views: The majority of the conservative movement comprises people of faith. The highest religious sects are Christians, Evangelicals, and Catholics, who abide by all that conservatism perpetuates, such as anti-abortion, anti-gay rights, and preservation of traditional values.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are conservative political beliefs?

Conservative political beliefs are ideologies that promote the preservation of traditional values and institutions. These politics are against progressive ideas and look to maintain permanence in ideas and practices.

What is conservatism in simple terms?

Conservatism is the preference for inherited values and ideas instead of creating new, abstract theories. Conservatisms prefer the old and tried methods instead of abstract, untried ideas.

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