Table of Contents
- What is Objective Writing?
- Objective Writing Versus Subjective Writing
- Objective Writing Examples
- Lesson Summary
Objective is a word to describe something that is purely factual and not influenced by personal feelings. Therefore, objective writing is writing that can be verified through evidence and facts. The writer remains neutral, and the information shared is free of bias, which is the preference for one thing over another. Objective writing focuses on facts, statistics, and research; these are often expressed in numbers or quantities and the source is provided through a citation.
When something is subjective, it is open to interpretation. Subjective writing is writing that cannot be verified, because it expresses feelings, opinions, and judgements. It also lacks factual statements and evidence. For example, personal essays and opinion papers are examples of texts that contain subjective writing, because they contain subjective language. Subjective language includes words that indicate a personal feeling or opinion is being expressed.
These examples all highlight the difference between objective and subjective writing. Objective writing is based on facts; subjective writing is based on opinions. Objective writing uses academic language; subjective writing may contain colloquialisms (casual language and terms used in everyday conversations that are not considered academic), hyperbole (language that results in exaggeration), and words that indicate judgement or share an opinion. Objective writing is usually written from a third-person point of view (writing that avoids personal pronouns and is told from an outside perspective); subjective writing may contain personal pronouns and sound personal.
Objective writing should be used when the purpose is to present unbiased information to the audience. This allows the audience to form their own opinion about the topic based on the information presented. Informational texts, such as textbooks and newspapers, use objective language. Examples of objective writing include:
1. an entry in a history textbook.
2. a scholarly journal published in an academic periodical.
3. information included in an atlas.
4. a summary of a book on a publishing site.
5. the nightly weather report on your local news station.
Each of these examples is a form of informational text. The purpose is to share important, unbiased information with readers. On the other hand, subjective writing is used to share personal opinions or experiences. The writing is persuasive in nature due to the author's word choice and the information shared. Examples of subjective writing include:
1. an editorial in a newsletter.
2. a blog post on a lifestyle blog.
3. a personal reflection paper submitted as a college essay.
4. a review of a product on the company's website.
5. a persuasive advertisement on the radio.
Each of these texts shares personal opinions and experiences. Even the college essay may contain mostly academic writing by avoiding colloquialisms, but it will share personal experiences and opinions. If the writing sounds like an everyday conversation, it is likely subjective. Another way to determine whether a text is objective or subjective is to consider whether the information shared can be proven and if it shares facts without sharing the author's opinions and personal judgements.
Objective language will sound like an informational report. The purpose is to share facts and evidence that allows the audience to form their own opinions about the topic. Sentences containing objective language can be short or long, and they can include numerical data or straightforward facts.
These examples exemplify objectivity in writing because they share information with the audience through concrete facts without including subjective language that reveals personal biases or opinions.
Providing facts and information that strengthens the credibility of the paper will increase the credibility of the author. Citations need to be included to guide the reader to the original source of the information. Citations give credit to the author that originally published the statistic, fact, or idea. This improves the credibility of the text itself and will increase the credibility of the main claim in the paper.
To write objectively, authors should:
The tone of objective language is impersonal; it does not share the personal feelings, opinions, or experiences of the writer. This tone can be established by using facts and data, including information about opposing viewpoints, speaking in third-person. The author needs to be careful about word choice to avoid personal pronouns, colloquialisms, hyperbole, and words that show judgement or that appeal to the emotions of the audience. An objective tone can be created by using factual statements instead of opinions. During the revising phase, authors should identify words and phrases that are subjective and replace them with objective words and statements. Instead of "I feel" or "I believe" statements, a factual statement and evidence should be used. Facts and evidence need to contain an in-text citation that tells the audience where the information came from.
Objective means factual, free of bias and opinion, and verifiable. Subjective means open to personal interpretation. Objective writing can be verified through evidence and facts. Subjective writing is writing that cannot be verified, because it expresses feelings, opinions, and judgements. Academic language is used in objective writing; while subjective language can be found in subjective writing. This includes colloquialisms, hyperbole, personal pronouns, and words that indicate judgement. To determine whether a text is objective or subjective, consider the tone of the piece, determine whether facts or opinions are used, and evaluate word choice for subjective language.
Objective writing is used to present unbiased information to the audience. Objective writing will sound like an informational report. The tone of objective language is impersonal; it does not share the personal feelings, opinions, or experiences of the writer. This tone can be established by using facts and data, including information about opposing viewpoints, speaking in third-person. Providing facts and information that strengthens the credibility of the paper will increase the credibility of the author.
To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account
A writer can present information objectively by providing specific and concrete facts, avoiding vague or general language, avoiding opinionated, prejudiced, or exclusive words, writing from a third-person point of view, avoiding exaggeration, and sharing all important information relating to the claim.
Objective writing is based on facts; subjective writing is based on opinions. Objective writing uses academic language; subjective writing may contain colloquialisms, hyperbole, and words that indicate judgment or share an opinion. Objective writing usually avoids personal pronouns and has an impersonal tone; subjective writing may contain personal pronouns and sound personal.
Objective language is neutral, impersonal, and free of bias. It focuses on concrete facts and statements that can be verified. An example of an objective statement is: Doctors recommend at least thirty minutes of physical activity every day to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Already a member? Log InBack