Mass Energy Equivalence

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Mass Energy Equivalence Questions and Answers

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a .Calculate BE / A for ^{12}C. Stable and relatively tightly bound, this nuclide is most of natural carbon. b. Calculate BE / A for ^{14}C. Is the difference in BE / A between ^{12}C and ^{14}C sign
Is the mass of an atomic nucleus greater or less than the sum of the masses of the nucleons composing it? Why don't the nucleon masses add up to the total nuclear mass?
Which of the following statements is a consequence of equation E = mc^2 ? a. Energy is released when the matter is destroyed. b. Mass and energy are equivalent. c. The law of conservation of energ
For the following fusion reaction, calculate the change in energy of the reaction in units of joules per mole. _1^2H + _1^2 H rightarrow _1^3H + _1^1 H
If the mass od one neutron is 1.00866 amu, the mass of one proton is 1.00728 amu, and the mass of 12C nucleus is 11.99671 amu, calculate the binding energy for the 12C nucleus. A-1.10x10^18 kJ/mol B-8.90x10^9 C-1.10x10^15 D-8.90x10^12
Calculate the mass defect and the binding energy per nucleon of the nuclide ^9Be_4, which has a mass of 9.01218224 amu.
The relation E0 = mc2 is essential to the operation of a power plant based on nuclear fission but has only a negligible relevance for a fossil-fuel plant. Is this a true statement? Explain why or why
The binding energy per nucleon of carbon (mass number = 12) is 7.68 Mev and that of carbon (mass number = 13) is 7.47 Mev. What is the energy required to remove one neutron from carbon (mass number =
(a) Calculate BE / A for 235 U, the rarer of the two most common uranium isotopes. (b) Calculate BE / A for 238 U. (Most of uranium is 238 U.) Note that 238 U has even numbers of both protons and neu
Estimate the total binding energy for copper. 550 MeV Estimate the energy, in joules, needed to break a 3.0g copper penny into its constituent nucleons. E= in Joules Please help me out I got 1st part
A newly discovered particle, the SPARTYON, has a mass 895 times that of an electron. If a SPARTYON at rest absorbs an anti-SPARTYON, what is the frequency of each of the emitted photons (in 1020 Hz)?
Using E=mc^{2} Determine the mass defect and binding energy of ^{7}Li (mass; 1.16503 \times 10^{-26} kg).
Calculate the mass defect and nuclear binding energy per nucleon of each of the nuclides below. a) Ni - 58 (atomic mass = 57.935346 amu) b)Ag - 107 (atomic mass = 106.905092 amu)
Calculate the nuclear binding energy (J) and the nuclear binding energy per nucleon of ^209 _83 Bi (208.9804 amu).
Calculate the nuclear binding energies (in J/nucleon) for the following species. Enter your answers in scientific notation. (a) 10^B (10.0129 amu) (b) 11^B (11.00931 amu) (c) 14^N (14.00307 amu) (
For the fusion reaction below, calculate the change in energy of the reaction in units of joules per mole. _1^2H +_1^2H rightarrow_2^3He +_0^1n
The Sun produces energy at a rate of 4.00 times 10^{26} W by the fusion of hydrogen. (a) How many kilograms of hydrogen undergo fusion each second? (b) If the Sun is 90.0% hydrogen and half of this ca
There is approximately 1034 J of energy available from fusion of hydrogen in the world's oceans. (a) If 1033 J of this energy were utilized, what would be the decrease in mass of the oceans? (b) How g
Why do objects gain mass while approaching the speed of light?
Some nucleus of 74X189 (atomic mass = 188.96191 u) undergoes - decay to become 75X189 (atomic mass = 188.95922 u). What is the energy (in MeV) released in this process?
In the sun, nuclear fusion takes place. If the decrease in mass is 0.00650g, how much energy is released?
When the plutonium bomb was tested in New Mexico in 1945, approximately 1 gram of matter was converted into energy. Suppose another bomb is tested, and 4.0 grams of matter are converted into energy. H
What would the energy be if an alpha particle's mass disappeared and was completely converted to energy?
How much energy (in MeV) is released in the reaction, proton + deuteron, goes to 3He + gamma? (You may ignore the initial kinetic energy of the reactants.) For the purposes of this problem, use the fo
The total U.S. consumption of electricity in a particular year was 5.0 x 10^{12} kilowatt-hours. What is the mass equivalence of this amount of energy? Show all calculations leading to an answer.
What is the kinetic energy in MeV of a \pi- meson that lives 1.80 \times 10^{-16} \ s as measured in the laboratory, and 0.840 \times10^{-16} \ s when at rest relative to an observer, given that its rest energy is 135 MeV?
True or false: The sum of the masses of individual nuclear particles is less than their masses when combined.
How does Einsteins formula e=mc^2 and general relativity relate to the atomic bomb
Is E=mc^2 proven?
Iodine-131, a radioactive isotope, has a nuclear mass of 130.8770 u. The atomic number of iodine is 53. Find the binding energy of the I-131 nucleus in joules.
The solar energy arriving at the outer edge of earth's atmosphere from the sun has intensity of 1.4 kW/m2. How much mass does the sun lose per day? What percent of the sun's mass is this?
Is h f = 2 m c 2 why?
The mass of a particle is (a) less than the sum of masses of two protons and two neutrons. (b) equal to the mass of four protons. (c) equal to the mass of four neutrons. (d) equal to the sum of m
What is definitive proof of E = m c 2 ?
A winch with a power rating of 400 W lifts a 200 kg object off the ground at a constant velocity for 17 seconds. How high was the object lifted? What is the object's total energy?
Show that 1 kg = 5.6*10^{26} GeV/c^2
For mercury 202Hg (atomic mass = 201.970617 u) obtain the mass defect in atomic mass units. Do not enter unit.
What is the energy released in this nuclear reaction 139 51 Sb ? 139 52 Te 0 ? 1 e? (The atomic mass of 139 Sb is 138.945985 u and that of 139 Te is 138.934734 u)
When 1 g of gasoline is burned in an engine about 48 kj of heat is produced, how much mass is lost in the process?
A nickel has a mass of 5 grams. If this mass could be converted completely into electrical energy, how long would it keep a 100 Watt light bulb lit?.
The sun radiates energy at the rate of 3.92 times 10^{26} W. (a) What is the change in the sun's mass in one second? (b) How much mass does the sun lose in the lifetime of your average earthling (say,
If ^{235}U (235.043930 u) is struck by a neutron it undergoes fission producing ^{144} Ba (143.922953 u), ^{89} Kr (88.917630 u) and three neutrons (1.0086649 u). (a) Calculate the energy in MeV rele
calculate the disintegration energy q for the fission of 40Ca into two equal fragments. The masses you will need are: 40Ca (39.962591 u), 20Ne (19.992435 u)
What is the binding energy, \Delta E, for a beryllium-9 nucleus in MeV/nucleon? Express your answer numerically in millions of electron volts per nucleon. (Recall that 1 MeV = 1.6 \times 10^{-13} J.)
The mass of a proton is 1.0073 u and that of a neutron is 1.0087 u (u = atomic mass unit). The binding energy of 2He4is (a) 0.061 u (b) 0.0305 j (c) 0.0305 erg (d) 28.4 MeV.
What would happen if you fired a nuclear bomb at a nuclear power station?
Calculate the binding energy in MeV per nucleon in the carbon 12 isotope. Note that the mass of this isotope is exactly 12 u, and the masses of the proton and neutron are 1.007276 u and 1.008665 u, re
Consider a nucleus with atomic mass 55.934939 u. It undergoes an alpha {4.002603 u} decay resulting in a daughter nucleus with atomic mass 51.940509 u. a) How much energy in atomic mass units was exp
Find the energy released in the alpha decay below: ^{214}_{84}Po to ^{210}_{82}Pb + ^4_2He. You will find the following mass values useful. M(^{214}_{84}Po) = 214.051848 u, M(^{210}_{82}Pb) = 210.0433
Calculate the average binding energy per nucleon of each of the following isotope. ^{52} Cr_{24}.
What is the binding energy per nucleon of 197 Au (atomic number = 79)? (The following information regarding atomic masses will be needed: 197Au, 196.966 543 u; hydrogen, 1.007 825 u; neutron, 1.008 66
The nuclear mass of 141 Ba is 140.883 amu. Calculate the Binding energy per nucleon for 141 Ba. In J/Nucleon
The binding energy of helium 4 He is 2 [atomic mass of proton = 1.00783U, atomic mass of neutron = 1.00867U] how do you calculate the mass of the atom?
The fusion reaction 1H_2+1H_2 \to 1H_3+1H_1 release energy. Determine the loss in mass Dm in amu and the energy, DE, in joules and eV units due to this reaction. The masses for 1H_2 is 2.013553212724
For the common isotope of nitrogen 14N, calculate: a. The mass defect. (Delta M = u) b. The binding energy. (E = MeV) c. The binding energy per nucleon (E per nucleon = MeV nucleon)
What is the energy released in the fission reaction 01n + 92235U \rightarrow 56137Ba + 3697Kr + 2 01n? (The atomic mass of 137Ba is 136.9058274 u and that of 97Kr is 96.94856 u) . Answer in MeV
Explain Einstein's Mass?energy equivalence, E=mc^2
How is mass expressed in terms of eV?
Can energy be converted into mass? If yes, then how?
The energy equivalent of one atomic mass unit is (a) 1.6 \times 10^{-9} J (b) 6.02 \times 10^{23} J (c) 931 MeV (d) 9.31 MeV.