Online Math Degree Programs with Career Options and Outlook

Research online math degree programs. Find out what you can learn in these courses and what you'll need in order to participate in online learning to determine if it's right for you.

Essential Information

Online degree programs in math are commonly available and are offered at the associate's, bachelor's and master's levels. Students may have to complete certain prerequisites depending on the program. They also need to have a scanner and graphing calculator.

Associate's Degree

Associate's degree programs in math are designed to offer students a strong foundation in mathematics and theoretical knowledge and skills to enhance their success in the job market.

Course Topics

  • Calculus
  • Analytic geometry
  • Introduction to linear algebra
  • Differential equations
  • Introduction to statistics
  • Finite mathematics

Bachelor's Degree

A bachelor's degree in math shows that a student has the ability to analyze data, think abstractly and reason deductively. Bachelor's programs in mathematics are offered as both B.A. and B.S. programs, where the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics is usually a more rigorous program. Many programs are offered as degree completion options for students with existing undergraduate credit.

Course Topics

  • Elementary linear algebra
  • History of mathematics
  • Abstract algebra
  • Intermediate analysis
  • Fundamentals of programming
  • General physics

Master's Degree

Online master's degree programs in math are often reserved for students with a related undergraduate degree. Students in master's programs in mathematics learn advanced mathematical techniques and often learn computer programming as well. Master's programs in mathematics can usually be completed in 1-2 years. Programs may or may not integrate a thesis project; some may include a final project instead.

Course Topics

  • Intro to combinatorics
  • Algorithms
  • Methods of applied statistics
  • Linear programming
  • Symbolic algebra
  • Complex variables

Learning Requirements

Students taking online math courses may need to have access to a scanner in order to submit assignments as well as a graphing calculator to complete coursework. Some schools may offer virtual libraries with links to math resources, including free programs, software and instructional simulations. Students may also use live chat and web conferencing features to interact with peers and instructors. Courses may be offered in asynchronous or synchronous formats.

Career Information

The skills learned in a mathematics degree program are relevant to many different industries and careers. Completing an online degree in mathematics shows that students have robust analytical and problem solving skills. Some careers graduates with degrees in mathematics pursue include:

  • Actuary
  • Budget analyst
  • Computer programmer
  • Cost estimator
  • Data analyst
  • Financial manager
  • Market research analyst


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment of budget analysts, one common position for math program graduates, was expected to increase by 3% from 2014-2024. This was considered a slower-than-average rate when compared to all occupations.

Undergraduate and graduate math degree programs are available to students fully online. Undergraduate students focus on foundational math skills, while master's programs deliver advanced math and programming techniques.

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