Students who are interested in becoming EMTs may pursue a wide range of educational paths. Certificate programs are available at the lower levels, and 2-year associate degrees may be available to students working towards becoming paramedics. The Red Cross EMT training program consists of different fields, including Basic, Intermediate/85, Intermediate/99, and Paramedic.
Emergency medical technicians should be physically and emotionally healthy and must be licensed by the state in which they plan to work. Although many EMTs receive on-the-job training, some experience is usually necessary to secure a job. All states require EMTs to be formally licensed. Becoming certified requires completing a certain number of hours of training and passing practical and written examinations.
Certificate Program in Red Cross EMT Training
Students in certificate programs may engage in hands-on, practical training in order to utilize classroom skills. They learn a number of medical response skills, such as:
- Trauma care
- Hemorrhage control
- Patient assessment
- Basic CPR topics
- Proper use of a semi-automatic defibrillator
Associate of Applied Science in EMT Paramedic
The Associate of Applied Science (AAS) in EMT Paramedic is an undergraduate degree program that teaches students a number of skills necessary to secure a position. Students generally take general education courses, such as basic composition and college math. Core EMT courses include:
- Fracture stabilization
- Human anatomy
- Airway management
Local colleges or health organizations offer workshops to EMTs who wish to stay current with regards to emergency medical care delivery. Workshops may address new technological advances or new medical devices being used in the field. Most states require EMT professionals to complete continuing education courses and renew their license every two or three years. Refresher courses and courses offering advanced skills in the field are often available online or at local community colleges.
Salary and Job Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, EMTs and paramedics earned a median income of $31,980 as of May 2015. The BLS reported that jobs in this field would grow 24% from 2014 to 2024, which is much faster than average.
Prospective EMTs may earn a certificate or associate's degree to enter the career at various levels, including Basic, Intermediate and Paramedic. Graduates of these programs will need to be licensed before they can work as EMTs in their state.