# Determining Whether a Wave is Transverse or Longitudinal

• 1.

A child claps his hands, causing air particles to move in the direction of the sound. What type of wave is this?

• sound wave

• tidal wave

• longitudinal wave

• transverse wave

• 2.

Tom practices drumming every evening. The particles in the drum's membrane move perpendicular to the waves that are traveling on the drumhead. Identify the type of wave.

• transverse wave

• pressure wave

• microwave

• longitudinal wave

• 3.

Microwaves are produced inside a microwave oven to heat food. The electric fields and magnetic fields in microwaves are perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. What kind of wave is a microwave?

• ultraviolet wave

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• 4.

Radio waves are a type of electromagnetic wave. The electric fields and magnetic fields in radio waves are perpendicular to the direction of the wave. What type of waves are radio waves?

• matter wave

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• Love wave

• 5.

When a piano string is plucked, the particles of the string move up and down. However, the waves produced move along the length of the string. What kind of wave is being described?

• transverse wave

• mechanical wave

• longitudinal wave

• surface wave

• 6.

Jerry plays the flute in the hopes of hypnotizing Tom. There are regions of compressions and rarefactions in the air as particles vibrate in the direction of the wave, taking the melody to Tom's ears. Identify the wave described.

• transverse wave

• sound wave

• secondary wave

• longitudinal wave

• 7.

A slinky is placed on a table and clamped on one end. A student gives it a sudden tug at the other end, revealing a wave with areas of compression (slinky coils are close together) and rarefaction (slinky coils are far apart). What type of wave has been described in this scenario?

• electromagnetic wave

• mechanical wave

• longitudinal wave

• transverse wave

• 8.

A very loud thunderclap goes off, causing Shaggy to dive under a table. The sound reaches his ears because the air particles move parallel to the direction of wave propagation. What kind of waves are present in sound?

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• microwave

• non-mechanical wave

• 9.

An earthquake on the ocean floor can result in a tsunami. The huge tsunami waves contain water particles that are moving perpendicular to the propagation of the wave. What kind of wave fits this description?

• matter wave

• longitudinal wave

• pressure wave

• transverse wave

• 10.

As a kingfisher dives into a stream, ripples spread across the water surface. The water particles move up and down as the wave moves away from the point of entry. The particle movement and wave propagation are perpendicular to each other. What kind of waves occurs in water?

• surface wave

• primary wave

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• 11.

One type of wave that transmits the quake in an earthquake contains regions of compressions and rarefactions. In this wave, the particles move parallel to the wave propagation. What kind of wave is this?

• tidal wave

• mechanical wave

• longitudinal wave

• transverse wave

• 12.

A rope is secured to a fence on one end. A physics student shakes the other end up and down, setting up a wave. The particles that make up the rope move perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. What type of wave would you call this?

• tidal wave

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• sound wave

• 13.

Bats produce ultrasound to navigate and catch prey. The particles in the air move in the same direction as the ultrasound wave, creating areas of compression and rarefaction. What type of wave is ultrasound?

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• Love wave

• non-mechanical wave

• 14.

Light filters through a crack to reach a dark cave. The electric fields and magnetic fields present in light are perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. What kind of wave is light?

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• secondary wave

• primary wave

• 15.

Doctors use ultrasound to examine many internal body organs, including the heart, the bladder, and the uterus. The wave particles move in the same direction as the wave propagation. What type of wave is ultrasound?

• ultraviolet wave

• longitudinal wave

• transverse wave

• sound wave

• 16.

It is believed by scientists that many organisms, especially insects, can see in ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum outside of the visible light range. Ultraviolet waves, for example, are associated with electromagnetic fields oscillating perpendicular to the direction of propagation of the wave. What type of waves are ultraviolet waves?

• longitudinal waves

• shear waves

• transverse waves

• Love waves

• 17.

The slower waves emanating from the epicenter of an earthquake are called S-waves. They cause the particles of the ground to oscillate perpendicular to the direction of the wave itself. What would you call such waves?

• elastic waves

• transverse waves

• gravitational waves

• ground waves

• 18.

While performing a set of computer simulations on waves, the particles inside a spanner move upon impact. The engineer isolates a string of particles that vibrate parallel to the wave motion. What would he call these waves?

• string waves

• longitudinal waves

• transverse waves

• spanner waves

• 19.

A wave can be distinguished by describing it as either transverse or longitudinal. Which term corresponds to the case where the wave particles oscillate perpendicular to the direction in which energy is being carried by the wave?

• neither transverse nor longitudinal

• both transverse and longitudinal

• longitudinal

• transverse

• 20.

Light and sound are fundamentally different because sound waves are caused by particles oscillating back and forth along the motion of the wave, while light waves are electrical and magnetic fields perpendicular to the motion of the wave, created by moving electrical charges. Sound waves are thus a good example of what type of wave?

• transverse wave

• longitudinal wave

• electrical wave

• vibrational wave

• 21.

Light and sound are fundamentally different because sound waves are caused by particles oscillating back and forth along the motion of the wave, while light waves are electrical and magnetic fields perpendicular to the motion of the wave, created by moving electrical charges. Light waves are thus a good example of what type of wave?

• longitudinal waves

• magnetic waves

• transverse waves

• electrical waves

• 22.

One of the exciting fields of research in theoretical physics is that of gravitational waves, associated with the curvature of space around a massive body, as stipulated by Einstein's theory of relativity. Assuming such waves travel by the oscillation of electromagnetic fields at right angles to the propagation of the wave itself, what type of wave are they?

• Einsteinian wave

• longitudinal waves

• transverse waves

• relativistic wave

• 23.

Solitons are a special case of waves that occur on the surface of a water body like a canal or a river, whereby the amplitude of the wave remains constant while the wave propagates long distances. The water particles are noticed to oscillate perpendicular to the direction of the soliton. What type of wave is this?

• electromagnetic

• longitudinal

• transverse

• soliton waves

• 24.

Infrared waves are used in heat-seeking missiles and also in hunting prey by some reptiles. The direction of the wave is always perpendicular to the electromagnetic fields constituting the wave. Therefore, we say that infrared waves are _ waves.

• elastic

• transverse

• longitudinal

• sound

• 25.

The Doppler effect is a phenomenon that occurs in sound waves when the observer or emitter of the wave is moving with respect to the other. The particles of the medium are compressed together or spread apart by a greater amount than when there is no relative motion. Such waves, which are transmitted by the back and forth motion of the particles in the direction of wave propagation, are known as what type of waves?

• electromagnetic

• longitudinal

• transverse

• echo waves

• 26.

When a gigantic owl settles on an electrical wire tautly tied between two pylons, waves are set up such that the particles in the wire vibrate perpendicular to the wire itself. What type of waves are these?

• transverse waves

• longitudinal waves

• electrical waves

• sound waves

• 27.

When a speaker receives an electrical signal, the variations in the magnetization of the electromagnet cause the air particles in the vicinity of the membrane to vibrate back and forth at the same frequency as the membrane itself. This is how sound energy is produced by the speaker and transmitted to the auditor. Sound can be described as what type of wave?

• longitudinal wave

• transverse wave

• sound wave

• light wave

• 28.

A spider web is designed to vibrate at a particular frequency when an insect is trapped in it. The spider can discern the mass of the insect and its approximate location based on the vibrations. Researchers believe that the particles of the strands constituting the web oscillate perpendicular to the long axis of the strand, much like a guitar string being plucked. What type of waves is being produced by the trapped insect?

• electromagnetic waves

• longitudinal waves

• transverse waves

• elastic waves

• 29.

LASER, which stands for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation, is a piece of technology in which light waves are 'condensed' into a small region and released through a tiny aperture at very high energy. The electrical and magnetic fields emanating from the aperture are at right angles to the direction of travel of the laser energy. What type of waves is involved in this case?

• longitudinal

• transverse

• Laser waves

• pressure

• 30.

Spalling is the name given to a phenomenon that occurs when a stress wave propagating through a medium (like a concrete wall) is reflected at a free end, causing a piece of the medium (say, a slab of concrete) to fall off. This typically happens when a nail is being hammered into a wall, whereby a piece of plastic breaks off the other side of the wall. The particles of the medium oscillate back and forth in the same direction as the propagation of the stress wave itself. Such a wave is called a wave.