Images of the body that are captured with sound waves are called sonograms; physicians use these images to diagnose and treat their patients. Potential sonographers usually complete a 2-year Associate of Science in Diagnostic Medical Sonography. Some universities also offer 4-year Bachelor of Science in Diagnostic Medical Sonography degrees. Additionally, there are some certificate programs available for licensed healthcare professionals. Accredited programs are offered by universities, community colleges and some hospitals.
The curricula in these programs usually cover anatomy and physiology, medical terminology, and the different applications of sonography, such as vascular, abdominal, or obstetrical. Students also learn about basic patient care and administrative procedures. Clinical experience is an essential component of the curriculum as well. These programs prepare graduates to pass licensure and certification exams in sonography, which may be required in some states.
Here are concepts commonly covered in sonogram courses:
- Ultrasound instruments
- Fluid dynamics
- Organ pathology
- Small parts imaging
- Scanning techniques
List of Courses
Introduction to Anatomy Courses
Sonographers need an in-depth understanding of human anatomy. Sonogram training and degree programs often require students to take an anatomy course in their first semester. These classes cover sectional anatomy, as illustrated with sonograms. The anatomy of the abdomen, heart and female reproductive system are given special emphasis.
Introduction to Sonograms Courses
The introductory sonogram class is also taken in the first semester of a sonogram training program. In this class, students learn the vocabulary of sonography, ultrasound technology, patient care and administrative procedures.
Abdominal Sonogram Courses
Sonography students complete at least one class devoted to taking sonograms of the abdomen and sometimes take multiple lectures in the subject. Students learn about common pathologies of the abdomen and their symptoms and how to recognize healthy and unhealthy abdomen sonograms. This course includes a hands-on clinical rotation.
Vascular Sonogram Courses
In this course, students learn how to take ultrasounds of the heart and vascular system. Topics include anatomy of the cardiovascular system, physiology and the dynamics of blood flow.
Ob-Gyn Sonogram Courses
Future sonogram technicians are often required to take one or more classes on the sonography of the female reproductive system. These courses cover the anatomy of the female pelvis, obstetric ultrasound techniques and neonatal sonograms. Lab time is typically required for this course.