Classroom Management Strategies
Classroom Management Techniques
Classroom management techniques are the methods that teachers utilize to instill and implement good standards of behavior in their students. By using proven methods, teachers can encourage students to display appropriate behavior in the classroom. These classroom management techniques shared by experienced educators provide teachers with an overview of effective classroom management strategies.
Teachers have a variety of classroom management techniques to choose from. A popular method is known as the CHAMPS classroom method. The words in this acronym describe the approach it promotes: Conversation, Help, Activity, Movement, Participation, Success. With CHAMPs classroom management, teachers determine what procedures a student should follow, practice good communication with students, and show them how to ask for assistance.
Positive classroom management strategies are any of those which focus on forming strong relationships among students and teacher. They set clear boundaries for students and emphasize the positive, praising students for what they are doing well behaviorally.
Teachers working with special populations of students, such as ESL teachers will want to use specifically tailored strategies. ESL teachers can take advantage of ESL classroom management techniques like creating a community and encouraging students to not be afraid of making mistakes. ESL students may struggle with learning English, so it is vital for teachers to establish a solid learning environment for them.
While teachers can choose a specific classroom management technique, some prefer to utilize what is known as a hybrid approach. With the hybrid approach to classroom management, teachers can blend strategies from various classroom management strategies to create their own. It is essential to note that, while blending styles can be successful, teachers should always ensure their strategy creates clear rules for students and fosters a positive learning environment.
In general, there is no one correct or perfect set of classroom management techniques. Teachers and schools often experiment with different approaches until they find the ones that are best aligned with their needs, values, and goals.
Classroom Management Ideas
Choosing the right classroom management plan involves a variety of factors, such as the age of students, the subject taught, and any special needs students may have. Whatever classroom management strategy teachers choose, the below tips can help ensure success:
- Set the proper tone for students and always take charge before beginning a lesson
- Deal with disruptive students promptly and appropriately
- Provide students with incentives on assignments that are not graded, such as warm-up exercises
- Explain and enforce appropriate consequences for misbehavior
- Have a specific classroom management plan in place to give students clarity – then stick to it!
The following classroom management strategies provide ideas for elementary and middle-school level teachers.
Elementary-level teachers, especially first grade ones, will want to implement classroom management strategies that create structure. Some schools only have half-day kindergarten classes, so students may have difficulty transitioning to a full-day of school in first grade.
A key component of creating structure for these young students is to ensure lesson plans do not have much downtime for students. A large block of unscheduled time can cause students to become restless and may lead to disruptive behavior. Elementary-level teachers can learn how best to create structure for their specific students by experimenting with a variety classroom management ideas.
Teachers of middle school students will need to utilize different classroom management strategies than elementary-level teachers since adolescents present different challenges than younger students. Middle school teachers will largely want to focus on establishing rapport with students, allowing for more autonomy, teaching respect, and explicitly redirecting them from negative behaviors. Teachers can incorporate multiple middle school classroom management strategies into their lesson plans to keep students well-behaved and on track with their curriculum.
Classroom Management strategies can also be more effective if they are relevant to the subject matter and activities. For example, a classroom that uses a lot of group work will want to incorporate some specific rules, guidelines, or expectations for how students should comport themselves in a working group. Similarly, a math class will need specific math classroom management strategies that enable strong problem solving, practice, and attention to detail.
Classroom Rules & Procedures
A crucial component of any successful classroom management strategy, regardless of grade level, is establishing and enforcing classroom rules and procedures. Teachers will need to clearly explain the classroom rules and procedures from the first day of school and ensure students understand them.
Once the rules and procedures are explained, teachers must follow through on any consequences for students who do not follow the rules. It is essential for teachers to remain consistent throughout the school year so students know what to expect and feel like they are all being treated equally and fairly.
Teachers can create as many classroom rules and procedures as needed for their grade level of students. Students as young as preschool age can understand and benefit from classroom rules and procedures, so long as they are clearly explained and enforced. Because students are so young, teachers will want to keep their preschool classroom rules short and simple, such as keeping your hands and objects to yourself or cleaning up once you are done playing.
Kindergarten classroom rules might be a little more advanced, including things like treating classmates with respect and following schoolwide guidelines. Some elementary-level ideas for classroom rules and procedures include how to exit the classroom, how to ask to use the bathroom, and the role of serving as a classroom helper.
A strategy that middle school teachers can use is allowing students to develop classroom rules and procedures themselves. At this age, students are usually ready for more independence in the classroom. Asking for their input in creating the rules and procedures can help foster rapport with them. Teachers may find these middle school classroom rules helpful in developing their classroom rules and procedures.
Whatever the classroom rules are, it is crucial for the teacher to dedicate time and thought into clearly communicating them to students. Classroom management runs more smoothly when students have a solid understanding of what is expected of them, regardless of their age or the underlying philosophy behind the approach.