TExES Physical Education EC-12 (158) Study Guide
TExES Physical Education EC-12 is a physical education certification exam used to determine a candidate's ability to provide physical education instruction in entry-level EC-12 positions in Texas schools. The TExES exam questions measure a candidate's understanding and skills in the following ten knowledge-centered areas, each representing a specific standard of excellence.
- Movement Skills
- Active Lifestyle Skills
- Individual and Group Motivation and Behavior
- Student Learning and Development
- Diverse Instruction
- Instructional Strategies and Communication Techniques
- Student Formal and Informal Assessments
- Professional Assessment and Growth
- Collaboration Techniques
- Legal and Ethical Responsibilities
The exam is computer-based with a total of five hours allotted for answering one hundred multiple-choice questions. The exam contains three domain areas of assessment. The TExES competencies for teachers covered in each domain are detailed in this study guide to help you successfully meet the requirement for TExES test scores. The table below provides the domains and question percentages for test-takers to review.
|TExES Physical Education EC- 12 study guide (158)|
|Movement Skills and Knowledge||38% (?38 questions)|
|Health-Related Physical Fitness||31% (?31 questions)|
|The Physical Education Program||31% (?31 questions)|
Movement Skills and Knowledge
Guiding children through various stages of physical activity by applying multiple techniques will increase children's interest and knowledge in movement.
Motor Skills Development, Motor Skills Learning, and Skills Integration
The development of children's motor skills is an ongoing process that is both intuitive and learned. For this specific competency on the exam, test-takers should know how to:
- Recognize motor learning stages
- Apply knowledge to help students acquire and improve motor skills
- Guide student's motor stages and understands relationship between motor growth and performance
- Identify and provide support for motor movement inaccuracies
Applicants will be expected to understand the functions and purpose of stationary and nonstationary body movements such as, bending, twisting, running, and hopping, as well as know how to manipulate objects, such as kicking balls and jumping rope. Educators will also know how to explore ways to improve student coordination and rhythm by selecting and demonstrating appropriate motor skills methods. Applicants should demonstrate knowledge of practices for teaching students how to control and change the direction of their bodies in motion while maintaining balance in the process. Educators should know how to effectively explain to students any corrective measures needed to improve motor skills in play, sports, or other extracurricular activities.
Movement Concepts and Biomechanical Principles
The concepts of active and safe physical movements have to be accounted for when teaching physical education. Candidates will need to understand how the body moves through space, as well as how it interacts with other objects in motion.
Applicants will also need to examine biomechanical concepts and differentiate between kinematics and kinetics and understand the roles that motion and force have on the body during physical activity. Candidates will also need to be able to explain these concepts to students while emphasizing the importance of safety in all physical activities.
Principles, Techniques, Skills, and Safety Practices in Extracurricular Activities
Physical education teachers must be able to understand and apply the principles of bodily motion both individual and group activities. The following objectives provide information on the skills required in this competency area:
- Understand all safety requirements and equipment needed for a variety of physical activities or sports
- Guide students through the basics of sportsmanship, regulations, and positive participation practices
- Recognize techniques to enhance individual and team abilities
- Encourage students to adjust skills through individual and team practice sessions
Candidates are required to demonstrate their knowledge of physical training through multiple program types, as well as their knowledge of how to properly use both indoor and outdoor equipment . Examinees should also be able to determine and communicate practical, ethical, and disciplinary standards in all individual and group activities. Candidates need to understand the processes required when planning sporting or extracurricular activities in any environment.
Health-Related Physical Fitness
Regular physical activity is one of the most important things students can do for their overall health, including physical, mental, and academic well-being.
Major Body Systems, Physical Fitness Development, Training and Benefits of Healthy, Active Lifestyles
Physical education programs result in students developing and building body strength and endurance as well as strengthening bone density. This TExES Physical Education EC- 12 study guide lists the main skills that are tested in this competency section, which include being able to:
- Recognize the advantages of physical activity and encourage student participation in their health
- Use awareness of the elements connected to overall health and their relationship to physical fitness
- Encourage student involvement in long-term physical activity
Applicants will be required to identify the structural and functional components of key body structures and how they respond to physical activity and promote healthy outcomes. Candidates will demonstrate an understanding of the many health benefits associated with routine physical activities, such as reducing the occurrence of health problems, maintaining a healthy weight, and having an overall feeling of wellness. Applicants must also understand the basic requirements of sports, activity, and age-appropriate physical fitness instruction. Educators should design fitness programs to either meet students' basic fitness needs or students' intensive fitness goals regarding specific sports training or other physically involved activities. For students participating in sports and other physically demanding activities, candidates should recognize that different programs should be established to meet the diverse goals of the students and know the correct procedures for maintaining a healthy and safe workout environment.
Developing and Maintaining Cardiovascular Endurance
There are multiple methods for developing, improving, and sustaining cardiovascular endurance. Applicants should be aware of the most effective and safe training and exercise techniques students should participate in to meet their endurance training goals, such as aerobic conditioning where regulated breathing helps muscles burn energy. Candidates should determine appropriate cardiovascular functions that meet the goals and physical developmental purposes of students while recognizing measures in maintaining student safety and monitoring cardiovascular and breathing techniques, as well as teaching student self-monitoring techniques. Applicants should also be able to identify any environmental factors or physical health conditions in cardiovascular training.
Developing and Maintaining Posture, Muscular Strength, and Physical Stamina
Both strength and flexibility affect postural development and a strong and flexible core helps the body adapt to many movements and situations. Educators should demonstrate knowledge of how to effectively promote these skills, including the ability to:
- Understand techniques for full-body endurance training
- Follows procedures to ensure proper posture and flexibility
- Examination of muscular fitness assessments
Candidates should demonstrate knowledge of anatomical body structures and movements and describe their effects on exercise in order to design activities for improving strength and stamina through various activities. Applicants must be able to define the principles in weight training participation cycles, as well as recognize safety tools for resistance training such as how often to train, how long to train, and the intensity of the training. Safety should always be a key factor in physical exercise and muscle training. Candidates should apply the most effective techniques when assessing the needs and safety of students participating in a wide range of exercises, sports, and activities.
Health and Wellness Concepts and Personal Behavior's Influences
Physical education teachers understand the importance of dealing with food, weight, and stress issues in a productive manner and recognize the positive and negative effects each can have on students' overall health. Candidates should also know positive methods in guiding students to more healthy lifestyles and demonstrate abilities to:
- Understand good and bad eating habits and negative and positive effects on activity and health goals
- Familiar with anatomical structure and takes steps to improve and nurture a healthy body
- Recognizes how unhealthy lifestyle choices and hereditary factors affect physical health
Applicants will also be expected to demonstrate knowledge of the benefits of healthy lifestyle choices on physical and mental well-being. Educators should know techniques to encourage students to consider how their personal choices can be adjusted to reflect a more positive, healthy lifestyle. Applicants will need to know the negative effects that stress has on the mind and body and be able to explore helpful techniques that relieve students' anxieties and concerns. Candidates should understand that students come from diverse backgrounds with different belief systems concerning physical health and wellness. Educators should demonstrate methods to attempt to transform students' thinking into a healthier belief system. Applicants will also need to show proficiency in identifying age, sport, or activity appropriate services and devices for student use.
The Physical Education Program
Teaching students in ways they understand is important to the success of a physical education program. Understanding that students learn differently is equally important in designing effective physical education activities.
Instruction and Assessment in Preparing Physically Educated Individuals
Educators should demonstrate expertise in identifying the different physical education needs of students and develop training services and evaluations to meet those needs, including the ability to:
- Provide equal instruction to all students based on student abilities
- Follow Texas guidelines and policies that meet safety and student success initiatives
- Adjust instruction delivery to support student needs and learning goals
- Explore various program structures based on student needs and age
Applicants must demonstrate their ability to adjust physical activities and programs. In doing so, applicants will ensure that all students have an equal ability to learn, participate, and succeed in physical education training. Candidates will be expected to know how to effectively instruct students and promote the importance of physical activity in the process. Applicants should also recognize that students have some off days and may not demonstrate their true physical abilities when being assessed. Candidates should know to adjust their assessment techniques to reflect this and monitor continued progress and effort. Applicants will apply technology skills to analyze student growth and development and respond to students' performance and suggest techniques for improvement.
Create Learning Environments and Opportunities
Teachers use their skills to understand the impact of physical education processes and develop educational goals settings that encourage student growth in a variety of areas. This study guide for TExES Physical Education lists the main skills candidates should also demonstrate, which include the ability to:
- Recognize the various factors affecting student commitment and behaviors in physical movement
- Encourage student accountability in long-term physical activity and wellness
- Provide efficient space for various physical activities for all students
- Understand the importance of diversity in physical education student settings
Applicants should recognize the significance of student group activities and sports in relation to developing friendships and learning positive behaviors. Through teamwork and collaboration, students in these programs may also develop a greater sense of self-confidence and strategies for working out issues with other students or team members. Candidates should also understand how team activities promote constructive behaviors in other areas, such as depending on teammates for support and providing team members with positive reinforcements. Applicants will need to recognize how sports and group activities build healthy bodies and minds and to explore techniques to encourage positive goals and life choices.
Structure, Organization, Goals, Purposes
Physical education teachers are knowledgeable with the overall responsibilities of creating effective programs, setting goals, and managing fitness programs. Applicants need to know how physical education developments and attitudes affect athletic performance and design program initiatives that support best practices in student well-being. Candidates should be able to demonstrate their knowledge of effective fitness programs by understanding key state and federal guidelines that support fitness training program initiatives. In doing so, they should apply evaluative knowledge to determine the effectiveness of fitness programs. Candidates should know strategies to promote physical education through support and participation of in-school and after-school community activities. They should also understand how to combine physical activities with other subject areas and the value that innovative activity strategies have on learning processes.
Legal Issues and Responsibilities in Safety and Risk Management
This final competency in the third domain of TExES PE certification test discusses the importance of the educator's awareness of legal guidelines and professional responsibility with designing and implementing safe physical education programs. Candidates must have an understanding of the legalities associated with ensuring student privacy is not breached, as well as ensuring the equal treatment of all students based on state and federal statutes. Applicants should realize that safety concerns are a key element when creating physical education programs. They should recognize potential dangers to students, such as extreme temperatures and prevent potential harm, such as heat stroke. In acknowledging potential safety concerns, educators should know to alert parents, students, and administration to the possible risk, or seek measures to cancel activities. Candidates will also need to assign sports or activity positions according to students' performance and physical abilities. They will also know to demonstrate knowledge in equipment safety measures and know basic first aid practices and life saving measures.
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