After completing an accredited associate's degree program, a veterinary technician must pass a national qualifying exam in order to practice. This test covers various aspects of animal healthcare to determine a candidate's knowledge. Practice tests and numerous books can help prepare them for the official examination.
Veterinary technicians work with animals in a medical setting, assisting veterinarians with diagnostic tests, providing general care for animals and interacting with pets' owners. The Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE) is required for individuals pursuing a career as a licensed veterinary technician. In order to qualify to take the VTNE, students must complete an accredited associate's degree program in veterinary technology.
|Required Education||Associate's degree in veterinary technology|
|Licensing||Required; technicians must pass the Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE)|
|Projected Job Growth (2018-2028)*||19% for veterinary technologists and technicians|
|Median Annual Salary (2018)*||$34,420 for veterinary technologists and technicians|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Veterinary Technician National Exam Information
The Veterinary Technician National Examination (VTNE) is administered by the American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB), which is a non-profit organization consisting of 57 veterinary licensing boards. The exam evaluates candidates to determine if they're qualified to practice and obtain licensure as entry-level technicians. The VTNE is taken at Prometric testing sites that are located throughout the United States.
In order to be eligible for the exam, a candidate must have completed a veterinary technology program that is accredited by the American or Canadian Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). On-the-job training may be sufficient for eligibility in some states. Before they can take the test, candidates must apply and pay any fees associated with the exam. They must also provide a government-issued form of identification.
The exam is offered in March, July and October and is constantly reviewed and updated to ensure it's current. Candidates are allowed to attempt the exam five times. If a candidate wishes to try the VTNE more than that, he or she must make a special request to the AAVSB.
The 4-hour exam is made up of 200 multiple-choice operational questions and 25 pilot questions, although the tester's scores are only based on the 200 operational questions. A few of the seven most important areas of animal healthcare include radiography, ultrasound, anesthesia and surgical preparation. The exam also covers 23 task areas and 47 knowledge areas.
Before taking the test, candidates may wish to review topics studied in their veterinary technician lab classes. The Association of Veterinary Technician Educators Inc. (AVTE) recommends a variety of books that can help you prepare for the exam.
Practice Test Opportunities
A practice test is offered by the AAVSB and can be taken online. The practice test is 75 questions and must be completed in 90 minutes to simulate the actual exam period. This simulation helps candidates become better acquainted with both the exam structure and types of questions asked.
Veterinarian Technician Career Outlook
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that veterinarian technology jobs were expected to grow much faster than the national average through 2028. Part of this huge growth was an increased pet population. In May 2018, the BLS reported that professionals in the 90th percentile or higher earned $50,010 or more per year, whereas the bottom 10th percentile earned $23,490 or less per year.
To summarize, the VTNE can only be taken upon graduation from an accredited veterinary technician program. This 4-hour exam has nearly 225 questions in specified areas and is offered three times a year. To better prepare a potential veterinarian for the exam, practice tests and books are available.