Mathematics Professions Video: Career Options in Math and Statistics Field

Mathematics Professions Video: Career Options in Math and Statistics Field Transcript

Math professions require knowledge of mathematical and number theory, algorithms and computational techniques. The many jobs that exist in the mathematics profession range from math teacher to statistician.


People in the mathematics profession work with algorithms and theories to teach and solve various scientific, economic and social problems. The field is generally divided into two categories: theoretical mathematics and applied mathematics. Theoretical mathematicians develop new principles and work to advance the knowledge of mathematics. Applied mathematicians, on the other hand, deal in proven theories and techniques.

Job Skills and Duties

Regardless of the field they work in, mathematicians need to thoroughly understand numbers and number theory. Some mathematicians need to be intimately familiar with particular kinds of math, such as calculus or geometry, and should also be aware of the various collection and data analysis processes. Other required skills depend on the profession. Math teachers, for example, need to be able to relate mathematical concepts to a less educated crowd. Statisticians, on the other hand, must be able to interpret and present data to different audiences.

Training Required

Most mathematicians possess a Ph.D. or master's degree, particularly in postsecondary roles. Federal government positions and other industry jobs often need candidates to have a combination of a master's degree and related experience. Most mathematicians are employed outside of the field of 'pure' math and must have knowledge of a particular specialty, such as robotics.

Well Known Jobs within This Field of Expertise

Mathematicians can find employment in a variety of specialties, but most lend their knowledge to federal and state governments. Other major employers include scientific research and development facilities, consulting services, software publishers and aerospace manufacturers. People who have a math background often turn to teaching as well. Schools and other education facilities employ hundreds of thousands of mathematical science teachers in the U.S. alone.


Working in a mathematics profession requires a dedication to math, stringent attention to detail and a great deal of patience. Mathematicians are driven by the need to find answers and explain detailed information to other people. If this sounds like something you can do, a mathematics career may be right for you.


Bureau of Labor Statistic Occupation Outlook Handbook - Mathematicians

Wikipedia - Mathematicians

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