ASVAB Score Breakdown

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ASVAB Score Requirements

The Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery, referred to as the ASVAB, is a multiple-choice exam with subtests in ten different subject areas. There is technically not a failing score on this test; however, each branch of the military sets its own minimum score requirements. After taking the test, you will receive your test results via the ASVAB Student Results sheet.

Your eligibility to enlist is based on your performance on the four subtests making up the Armed Forces Qualification Test.

The branch of the military you are applying to also takes your scores on all ten subtests and combines them create line scores. These line scores determine what careers would be best for you. Below is a detailed breakdown of how these different types of test scores are calculated.

Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) Score

The Armed Forces Qualification Test is the crucial part of the ASVAB. Your AFQT score is derived from the scores you received on these subtests: mathematics knowledge, arithmetic reasoning, word knowledge, and paragraph comprehension. These subtests measure your vocabulary and reading comprehension skills as well as your mathematical knowledge.

Your score is reported on a scale of 1% to 99%. These percentile scores are based on data from a 1997 sampling of candidates, ages 18-23, who took the ASVAB. Your percentile score indicates the percentage of candidates who scored the same as or below you.

ASVAB Line Scores

The line scores used vary from one branch of the military to the next in terms of which subtests they consist of and what jobs they will qualify you for. Below is an outline of line scores used in the Army.

Clerical (L) Line Score

Like the AFQT, this line score consists of results on the word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, arithmetic reasoning, and mathematical knowledge subtests.

Combat (CO) Line Score

Along with paragraph comprehension and word knowledge scores, this line score takes into account your results on the mechanical comprehension and auto and shop subtests.

Electronics (EL) Line Score

Your results on general science and electronics information subtests are combined with those testing mathematics knowledge and arithmetic reasoning.

Field Artillery (FA) Line Score

For this line score, your results on the math subtests (mathematical knowledge and arithmetic reasoning) are combined with your performance on the mechanical comprehension subtest.

General Maintenance (GM) Line Score

This line score includes general science, electronics information, mathematical knowledge, and auto and shop subtest results.

General Technical (GT) Line Score

Your performance on the arithmetic reasoning, paragraph comprehension, and word knowledge subtests is evaluated in this line score.

Mechanical Maintenance (MM) Line Score

This line score measures your understanding of electronics and mechanics by combining results on the mechanical comprehension, electronic information, and auto and shop subtests.

Operators and Food (OF) Line Score

Along with mechanical comprehension and auto and shop subtests, this line score includes results from word knowledge and paragraph comprehension subtests.

Surveillance and Communications (SC) Line Score

This line score measures your arithmetic reasoning skills, mechanical comprehension, auto and shop knowledge, word knowledge, and paragraph comprehension skills by combining scores on these subtests.

Skilled Technical (ST) Line Score

This line score also combines results on several subtests: general science, word knowledge, paragraph comprehension, mathematics knowledge, and mechanical comprehension.

ASVAB Study Resources

If you are preparing to take the ASVAB, check out the study resources below to learn more about the test and access lessons designed to sharpen your reading comprehension skills, math skills, and science knowledge.

Continue reading: How Hard Is the ASVAB

The ASVAB test measures the qualifications of individuals attempting to enlist in the U.S. military. Learn about the content of the test, the impact of results on a recruit's military career and resources you can use to prepare for this exam.

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