Argentina Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

Argentina is a country in South America. This lesson will teach you about Argentina, where you can find it on a map, what is special about its highest point, what languages Argentinian people speak, and some other cool facts about this country.

Where is Argentina?

Imagine going on an expedition into some very high mountains. You are wearing a thick jacket because it is very cold and there is snow on the ground. You have double-checked all of your equipment to make sure you have a safe journey. When you get to the top, the air is thin but you feel like you can see forever. It was worth all the work! You've just hiked a tall mountain to get to the highest point in Argentina!

Argentina is a big country at the bottom of South America and is the 8th largest country on Earth. It is so big that Florida could fit inside Argentina more than 19 times!

The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires (pronounced BWEY-nohs EYE-riz), which is located on a river (Rio de la Plata or the Silver River) that flows into the Atlantic Ocean.

Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires

Spanish is the official language of the country, though other languages including English, French, and Italian are also spoken here.

If you want to go out to dinner or buy a souvenir to remember your trip, you'll need to exchange your U.S. dollars for Argentine pesos because that is the money used in Argentina.

Map of Argentina in South America
Map of Argentina in South America

What is Argentina Like?

Most of the southern area of the country is a drier, treeless area called Patagonia.

Grassy flatlands cover the middle of the country and the Andes Mountains, a very tall, jagged mountain range, outlines Argentina's western border.

The tallest point in the country and the entire Western Hemisphere, is called Aconcagua (pronounced ah-cone-CAH-gwah) in the Andes. You would have to stack the Washington Monument on top of itself about 40 times to reach the top of this peak!

The Andes in Argentina
The Andes in Argentina

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